GC: n

S: WHO – (last access: 17 June 2015); NCBI – (last access: 3 March 2020).

N: 1. New Latin, from corona + virus; from their shape as seen under an electron microscope.
2. Coronaviridae is generally considered to contain two genera, Coronavirus and Torovirus, which differ in nucleocapsid morphology, the former being helical and the latter being tubular. Coronaviruses are important agents of gastrointestinal disease in humans, poultry, and bovines. In humans, a species known as SARS coronavirus.
3. Terminological disambiguation:
– SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome): Serious, potentially life-threatening viral infection caused by a [2003] virus from the Coronaviridae family. This virus has been named the SARS-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV).
[In 2003], Health Canada announced that Canada is aligning its clinical description of symptoms and signs of SARS with that of the WHO [World Health Organization]. We are moving from a definition of “severe progressive respiratory illness suggestive of atypical pneumonia or acute respiratory syndrome (RDS) with no known cause” to “radiographic evidence in infiltrates consistent with pneumonia or respiratory distress syndrome on chest x-ray with no known cause that can fully explain the illness.”
atypical pneumonia, acute respiratory syndrome (ARS), respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are signs or symptoms of SARS, not synonyms.
– MERS (Middle East respiratory syndrome): Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is a viral respiratory illness first reported in Saudi Arabia in 2012. It is caused by a coronavirus called MERS-CoV [Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus]. Most people who have been confirmed to have MERS-CoV infection developed severe acute respiratory illness. They had fever, cough, and shortness of breath. About half of these people died.
– COVID-19: An acute viral disease caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus.
[On February 11, 2020], the World Health Organization (WHO) declared an official name for the new coronavirus disease: COVID-19 …
2019-nCoV acute respiratory disease (former designation);
2019-nCoV ARD (former designation).
People diagnosed with COVID-19 may present symptoms such as fever, cough, breathing difficulties, and pneumonia in both lungs.
COVID-19: short for “coronavirus disease 2019.”
4. Cultural Interrelation: Asterix comic featured masked villain ‘Coronavirus’ in the year 2017.

S: 1. (last access: 17 June 2015). 2. EncBrit – (last access: 17 June 2015). 3. TERMIUM PLUS –;; (last access: 28 March 2020). 4. (last access: 3 March 2020).


CR: anosmia, antibody, herd immunity, immunoglobulin M, incidence, polymerase chain reaction, quarantine, serological test, serology, T cell, virus.