GC: n S: UNTERM – http://unterm.un.org/DGAACS/unterm.nsf/WebView/5CFF308EB09F9D8D852577060053F011?OpenDocument (last access: 6 March 2013); http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1859261 (last access: 1 September 2014). N: Able-bodied refers to a person’s physical or mental capacity to perform a job and earn a living. It is also used to describe a person’s eligibility regarding payment of alimony and child
GC: n S: WHO – http://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/publications/unsafe_abortion/en/ (last access: 8 July 2016); NHS – http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Abortion/Pages/Introduction.aspx (last access: 8 July 2016). N: 1. 1540s, originally of both deliberate and unintended miscarriages; from Latin abortionem (nominative abortio) “miscarriage; abortion,” noun of action from past participle stem of aboriri “to miscarry” (see abortive). Earlier
GC: n S: WebMD – http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/abscess (last access: 29 October 2014); NHS – http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/abscess/Pages/Introduction.aspx (last access: 20 July 2017). N: 1. 1610s, from Latin abscessus “an abscess” (Celsus), literally “a going away,” from stem of abscedere “withdraw, depart, retire,” from ab- “away” + cedere “to go”. The notion is that
GC: n S: WHO – http://www.who.int/ipcs/publications/training_poisons/basic_analytical_tox/en/index2.html (last access: 26 November 2015); SD – http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123744135001081 (last access: 26 November 2015). N: 1. Late 16th century (in the sense ‘the swallowing up of something’): from Latin absorptio(n-), from absorbere ‘swallow up’. 2. The uptake of substances into or across tissues such as
GC: n S: UNESCO – http://www.unesco.org/new/en/ethics-office/harassment-and-abuse-of-power-and-authority/ (last access: 1st January 2014); UN – http://goo.gl/j3nMSD (last access: 1 September 2014). N: 1. – abuse (n): mid-15c., “improper practice,” from Old French abus (14c.), from Latin abusus “a using up”. From 1570s as “violation, defilement” (surviving in self-abuse “masturbation,” if at all).
GC: n S: UNICEF – http://www.unicef.org/education/files/QualityEducation.PDF (last access: 2 October 2015); http://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/view/document/obo-9780199756810/obo-9780199756810-0108.xml (last access: 2 October 2015); http://character.org/key-topics/academic-achievement/ (last access: 2 October 2015). N: 1. The performance of a student measured by examinations or tests. 2. Academic achievement represents performance outcomes that indicate the extent to which a person has
GC: n S: JCI – https://www.jci.org/articles/view/104075/version/1/pdf/render (last access: 23 October 2017); OMIM – https://www.omim.org/entry/614097 (last access: 23 October 2017). N: 1. Comes from Latinized form of Greek katalysis “dissolution, a dissolving” (substances, military governments, etc.), from katalyein “to dissolve,” and from kata “down”. 2. acatalasia: First presented in part at
GC: n S: http://www.wenar.info/Accountability%20in%20International%20Development.pdf (last access: 4 March 2013) N: 1770, from accountable + –ity. Earlier was accountableness (1660s). 2. The responsibility placed on an individual or group for their own or others. S: 1. OED – http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=accountability&searchmode=none (last access: 2 September 2014). 2. http://www.encyclo.co.uk/local/22403 (last access: 1st September 2014).
GC: n S: PMC – https://bit.ly/2PoOlx8 (last access: 11 November 2018); THCO – https://bit.ly/2ODYCR5 (last access: 11 November 2018). N: 1. “the adoption and assimilation of an alien culture” (Oxford Dictionary), 1880, from assimilated form of ad- “to” + culture (n.) + noun ending -ation. 2. Cultural modification of an
GC: n S: NCBI – http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1418/ (last access: 7 February 2016); AAPOS – http://www.aapos.org/terms/conditions/10 (last access: 21 March 2015). N: 1. Anc Greek α/α (= prefix that denotes absence) χρώμα/chroma (=color) + όψη/opsi (=look, face). Coined: in 1957 by Blackwell HR, Blackwell OM “Blue mono-cone monochromacy: a new color vision
GC: n S: http://www.infoplease.com/dictionary/brewers/acme.html (last access: 22 March 2016); http://study.com/academy/lesson/progress-of-disease-infection-to-recovery.html (last access: 22 March 2016). N: 1. “highest point,” 1560s, from Greek akme “(highest) point, edge; peak of anything,” from PIE root *ak- “sharp” (see acrid). Written in Greek letters until c. 1620. The U.S. grocery store chain was founded
GC: n S: https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/acne-and-rosacea/acne (last access: 22 March 2016); http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Acne/acne_ff.asp (last access: 22 March 2016); http://www.webmd.com/skin-problems-and-treatments/acne/features/10-myths-and-facts-about-adult-acne (last access: 22 March 2016). N: 1. 1813, from Modern Latin, from aknas, a 6c. Latin clerical misreading of Greek akmas, accusative plural of akme “point” (see acme). The “pointed” pimples are the source
GC: n S: UMMC – http://umm.edu/health/medical/ency/articles/acrodermatitis (last access: 7 November 2014); NIH – https://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/diseases/5722/acrodermatitis (last access: 27 November 2019). N: 1. From acro- (word-forming element meaning “highest, topmost, at the extremities,” before vowels acr-, from Latinized form of Greek akro- “pertaining to an end, extreme,” from akros “at the end,
GC: n S: MD – http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/568313_10 (last access: 17 October 2016); GTH – http://www.goodtherapy.org/blog/psychpedia/acrophobia (last access: 17 October 2016). N: 1. From Greek akros (at the top) and phobia (fear). Coined by an Italian physician, Dr. Andrea Verga, in a paper describing the condition, from which Verga himself suffered. 2.
GC: n S: WHO – http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/notes/2005/np06/en/ (last access: 25 August 2016); http://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-prevention/risk/diet/acrylamide-fact-sheet (last access: 25 August 2016); EncBrit – https://global.britannica.com/science/acrylamide (last access: 25 August 2016). N: 1. acrylic + amide. First Known Use: 1893. 2. A chemical compound in the form of colorless, odorless crystals, used in the synthesis of
GC: n S: UN – http://www.unsystem.org/scn/archives/adults/ch02.htm (last access: 12 April 2013); NCBI – http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15252965 (last access: 27 July 2015). N: Acute and chronic undernutrition. There are two main patterns of undernutrition found in children. These are stunting and wasting. Different processes produce these two patterns and they are assessed using
GC: n S: https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/cg50 (last access: 16 July 2015); http://www.bmj.com/podcast/2012/09/07/acutely-ill-patients (last access: 30 October 2012); NAVARRO p.16. N: Patients who are, or become, acutely unwell in hospital may receive suboptimal care. This may be because their deterioration is not recognised, or because – despite indications of clinical deterioration – it
GC: n S: NHS – https://www.nhs.uk/live-well/healthy-body/addiction-what-is-it/ (last access: 29 June 2020); PSY – https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/addiction/what-is-addiction (last access: 29 June 2020). N: 1. c. 1600, “tendency, inclination, penchant” (a less severe sense now obsolete); 1640s as “state of being (self)-addicted” to a habit, pursuit, etc., from Latin addictionem (nominative addictio) “an awarding, a delivering up,”
GC: n S: NHS – http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Addisons-disease/Pages/Introduction.aspx (last access: 16 March 2017); MAYO – https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/addisons-disease/symptoms-causes/syc-20350293 (last access: 11 January 2018). N: 1. – Addison (pn): Thomas Addison, (born April 1793, Longbenton, Northumberland, Eng.—died June 29, 1860, Bristol, Gloucestershire), English physician after whom Addison’s. – disease (n): A metabolic dysfunction caused by
GC: n S: SDir – http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0038092X1300529X (last access: 26 October 2013); RESG – https://www.researchgate.net/publication/274391519_ADSORPTION (last access: 4 March 2020). N: 1. adsorption, capability of all solid substances to attract to their surfaces molecules of gases or solutions with which they are in contact. Solids that are used to adsorb gases or
GC: n S: WHO – http://www.who.int/globalchange/summary/en/index6.html (last access: 25 November 2016); NCBI – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2975603/ (last access: 25 November 2016) N: 1. From aero (word-forming element meaning “air, atmosphere; gases,” in 20c. use with reference to aircraft or aviation, from Greek aer (genitive aeros) “air, lower atmosphere” and allergen (noun al·ler·gen