GC: n S: https://www.microbiologyresearch.org/docserver/fulltext/jmm/46/11/medmicro-46-11-903.pdf?expires=1572611695&id=id&accname=guest&checksum=E20D2A44A0BC9E2339134BC704954560 (last access: 1 November 2019); https://answersingenesis.org/biology/microbiology/serratia-marcescens-the-miracle-bacillus/ (last access: 1 November 2019). N: 1. 1877, medical Latin, from Late Latin bacillus “wand,” literally “little staff,” diminutive of baculum “a stick, staff, walking stick,” from PIE *bak- “staff” (also source of Greek bakterion; see bacteria) + instrumentive suffix
GC: n S: MJD – https://bit.ly/2Rkjpzc (last access: 3 November 2016); AFIN p. 111. N: 1. – back (adj): “being behind, away from the front, in a backward direction,” Middle English, from back (n.) and back (adv.); often difficult to distinguish from these when the word is used in combinations.
GC: n S: NCBI – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK493185/ (last access: 11 March 2020); WHO – https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/262295/PMC2427496.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y (last access: 11 March 2020). N: 1. “virus that parasitizes a bacterium by infecting it and reproducing inside it,” 1921, from French bactériophage (1917), from bacterio-, combining form of bacteria, + –phage. 2. Any of the viruses that infect bacterial cells;
GC: n S: WebMD – http://www.webmd.boots.com/eye-health/news/20140417/bacteria-surviving-contact-lens-cleaning (last access: 5 November 2014); MEDLP – http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/bacterialinfections.html (last access: 5 November 2014). N:1. 1847, plural of Modern Latin bacterium, from Greek bakterion “small staff,” diminutive of baktron “stick, rod,” from PIE *bak– “staff used for support” (also source of Latin baculum “rod, walking
GC: n S: file:///C:/Users/3004/Downloads/SN04103%20(3).pdf (last access: 24 October 2017); https://www.criminaljusticedegreeschools.com/criminal-justice-careers/bailiff/ (last access: 24 October 2017). N: 1. Middle English baillif, bailie, from Anglo-French baillif, from bail power, authority, office, from baillier to govern, administer, from Medieval Latin bajulare to care for, support, from Latin, to carry a burden. First Known
GC: n S: MH – https://hrld.us/2DhF28e (last access: 1 November 2015); BM – https://bit.ly/2GUWSiQ (last access: 1 November 2015). N: 1. Slang term for “Cuban Rafters” or Cuban refugees utilizing a raft to reach the coasts of the United States to escape former Dictator Fidel Castro’s brother Raul Castro’s dictatorship.
GC: n S: PMC – https://bit.ly/2TbHoOO (last access: 6 August 2019); NCBI – https://bit.ly/2ZEusn8 (last access: 6 August 2019). N: 1. Band-Aid, trademark name (Johnson & Johnson) for a stick-on gauze pad or strip, by 1922. – band (n): “a flat strip,” also “something that binds,” Middle English bende, from
GC: n S: Crimjotwell – https://bit.ly/2slEp9H (last access: 9 April 2017); JSTOR – https://bit.ly/2C8YzIO (last access: 9 April 2017). N: 1. – banished (adj): From past participle of verb banish: late 14c., banischen, “to condemn (someone) by proclamation or edict to leave the country, to outlaw by political or judicial
GC: n S: PennLaw – https://bit.ly/2Rm0qo0 (last access: 9 April 2017); EncBrit – https://global.britannica.com/topic/exile-law (last access: 9 April 2017). N: 1. “act of banishing; state of being banished,” c. 1500, from banish (late 14c., banischen, “to condemn (someone) by proclamation or edict to leave the country, to outlaw by political
GC: n S: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/108141.stm (last access: 26 April 2013); http://www.investorwords.com/8975/basic_commodities.html (last access: 1 September 2014). N: Ordinary farm produce, produced in large quantities, e.g. corn, rice or sugar. S: http://www.investorwords.com/8975/basic_commodities.html (last access: 1 September 2014) SYN: S: CR: hunger, poverty.
GC: n S: http://www.zonein.com.au/natural_disasters/beaufort_scale.html (last access: 4 July 2015); http://www.rmets.org/weather-and-climate/observing/beaufort-scale (last access: 4 July 2015). N: 1. The Beaufort Scale was invented by Admiral Sir Francis Beaufort (1774-1857) in 1805 to help sailor describe the wind conditions at sea. It has since been adapted for use on land. By using
GC: n S: NCBI – http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16894439 (last access: 23 July 2015); http://www.hypnotherapykent.co.uk/fear-of-needles/ (last access: 23 July 2015); DORLAND. N: 1. Borrowed from French bélonophobie or bélonéphobie, from Greek belónē “needle” + French -o- + -phobie. First Known Use: circa 1909. 2. Belonephobia is an unreasonable and altered response due to
GC: adj S: MEDLP – http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/medlineplus.html (last access: 11 November 2014); STUD – https://study.com/academy/answer/what-does-benign-mean.html (last access: 1 December 2018). N: 1. early 14c., from Old French benigne (12c., “kind, benign, merciful, gracious;” Modern French bénin, fem. bénigne), from Latin benignus “kindly, kindhearted, friendly, generous,” literally “well born,” from bene “well”
GC: n S: PubMed Health – http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001379/ (last access: 29 November 2013); http://www.healthline.com/health/beriberi (last access: 2 June 2016). N: 1. Also beri-beri, paralytic disease prevalent in much of India, 1703, literally “great weakness,” intensifying reduplication of Sinhalese beri “weakness.” 2. beriberi, nutritional disorder caused by a deficiency of thiamin (vitamin
GC: n S: http://www.medicinenet.com/bifidobacterium_bifidum-oral/article.htm (last access: 23 May 2015); http://www.probiotic.org/bifidobacterium-bifidum.htm (last access: 23 May 2015). N: Bifidobacterium Bifidum. While bacteria can cause serious infections, the vast majority of them are not only helpful, but necessary for good health. As long as the good bacteria in our bodies win the war
GC: n S: UNICEF – http://www.unicef.org/newsline/99pr5.htm (Last access: 17 October 2012); https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/67583/multilateral_aid_review.pdf (last access: 1st September 2014). N: Aid from a single donor country to a single recipient country, in contrast to multilateral aid. S: http://www.investorwords.com/17505/bilateral_aid.html (last access: 1st September 2014) SYN: S: CR: multilateral aid
GC: n S: RnCeus – http://www.rnceus.com/lf/lfbili.html (last access: 9 June 2016); NIH – https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003479.htm (last access: 9 June 2016). N: 1. “reddish pigment found in bile,” 1871, from German bilirubin (1864), from bili- (see bile) + Latin ruber “red” (see red) + -ine . 2. A reddish-yellow, crystalline, water-insoluble pigment
GC: n S: FDA – http://www.fda.gov/downloads/Drugs/GuidanceComplianceRegulatoryInformation/Guidances/UCM389370.pdf (last access: 17 November 2015); SADC – http://www.ich.org/fileadmin/Public_Web_Site/ABOUT_ICH/Organisation/SADC/Guideline_on_Bioavailability_and_Bioequivalance.pdf (last access: 17 November 2015); FNB – http://fnb.sagepub.com/content/24/3_suppl1/S20.full.pdf (last access: 19 November 2015). N: 1. Word composed by the word-forming element bio-, from Greek bios-, “life” and the word availability, from available, meaning “at one’s disposal,
GC: n S: SD – http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304415700000137 (last access: 18 June 2015); EncBrit – http://global.britannica.com/topic/biodegradation (last access: 18 June 2015). N: 1. From the prefix “bio” (word-forming element, from Greek bio-, comb. form of bios “one’s life, course or way of living, lifetime”) and the noun “degradation” (1530s, from French dégradation