S: UNICEF – http://www.unicef.org/supply/index_57476.html (last access: 4 March 2013); VaccGov – http://www.vaccines.gov/ (last access: 4 September 2014); Elsevier – http://www.journals.elsevier.com/vaccine/ (last access: 4 September 2014).
N: 1. vaccine (n.): “matter used in vaccination,” 1846, from French vaccin, noun use of adjective, from Latin vaccina, fem. of vaccinus “pertaining to a cow” (see vaccination). Related: Vaccinal; vaccinic.
2. Vaccine, suspension of weakened, killed, or fragmented microorganisms or toxins or of antibodies or lymphocytes that is administered primarily to prevent disease.
A vaccine can confer active immunity against a specific harmful agent by stimulating the immune system to attack the agent. Once stimulated by a vaccine, the antibody-producing cells, called B lymphocytes, remain sensitized and ready to respond to the agent should it ever gain entry to the body. A vaccine may also confer passive immunity by providing antibodies or lymphocytes already made by an animal or human donor. Vaccines are usually administered by injection (parenteral administration).
- Adj.: effective, safe | measles, rubella, etc. The polio vaccine has saved millions of lives. | live.
- Quant.: dose one dose of BCG vaccine.
- Verb + vaccine: give sb | have, receive | develop.
- Vaccine + verb: protect sb | prevent sth.
- Prep.: ~ against Researchers are trying to develop a vaccine against the disease. | ~ for a vaccine for meningitis.
S : 1. OED – http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=vaccine&searchmode=none (last access: 4 September 2014). 2. EncBrit – http://global.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/621274/vaccine (last access: 11 June 2015). 3. OD – http://oxforddictionary.so8848.com/search?word=vaccine (last access: 11 June 2015).