tonsil
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GC: n

S: EncBrit – https://www.britannica.com/science/tonsil (last access: 20 May 2018); WebMD – https://www.webmd.com/oral-health/picture-of-the-tonsils (last access: 20 May 2018).

N: 1. c. 1600, from Latin tonsillae, tosillae (plural) “tonsils,” diminutive of toles “goiter,” which is perhaps of Gaulish origin. Related: Tonsils.
Latin: tonsilla palatina.
A05.2.01.011: Terminologia Anatomica identifying number.
2. Biological Sciences: A general term for a small rounded mass of tissue, especially of lymphoid tissue.
3. Morphology and General Physiology; Oral Mucosa, Salivary Glands and Tonsils: (A) small, almond-shaped mass (of lymphoid tissue) located between the palatoglossal and palotopharyngeal arches (on the) side of the oropharynx.
4. tonsil: The term “tonsil” is often used without a qualifier to refer to this structure.
5. palatine tonsil: term adapted from the Terminologia Anatomica.

S: 1. TERMIUM PLUS – http://www.btb.termiumplus.gc.ca/tpv2alpha/alpha-eng.html?lang=eng&i=1&srchtxt=tonsil&index=alt&codom2nd_wet=1#resultrecs (last access: 20 May 2018); OED – https://www.etymonline.com/word/tonsil (last access: 20 May 2018). 2 to 5. TERMIUM PLUS – http://www.btb.termiumplus.gc.ca/tpv2alpha/alpha-eng.html?lang=eng&i=1&srchtxt=tonsil&index=alt&codom2nd_wet=1#resultrecs (last access: 20 May 2018).

SYN: palatine tonsil, faucial tonsil.

S: TERMIUM PLUS – http://www.btb.termiumplus.gc.ca/tpv2alpha/alpha-eng.html?lang=eng&i=1&srchtxt=tonsil&index=alt&codom2nd_wet=1#resultrecs (last access: 20 May 2018)

CR: tonsillitis