septicemia
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GC: n

S: HL – http://www.healthline.com/health/septicemia#Overview1 (last access: 26 September 2015); WebMD – http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/sepsis-septicemia-blood-infection (last access: 26 September 2015).

N: 1. 1857, Modern Latin septicæmia, from French septicoemi, coined irregularly by French physician Pierre-Adolphe Piorry (1794-1879) in 1837 from Greek septikos (see septic) + haima “blood” (see -emia).
2. Systemic disease associated with the presence and persistence of pathogenic microorganisms or their toxins in the blood. Called also blood poisoning and sepsis.
3. septicemia, formerly called blood poisoning, meningococcus infection resulting from the presence of bacteria in the blood (bacteremia). The onset of septicemia is signaled by a high fever, chills, weakness, and excessive sweating, followed by a decrease in blood pressure. The typical microorganisms that produce septicemia, usually gram-negative bacteria, release toxic products that trigger immune responses and widespread blood clotting (coagulation) within the blood vessels, thus reducing the flow of blood to tissues and organs.
4. blood poisoning (disused); hematosepsis (disused); septemia (disused); septicaemia (disused).
5. Cultural Interrelation: We can mention above all the movie The Horse Soldiers (1959) directed by John Ford (1894-1973) where the soldier Dunker dies of septicemia.

S: 1. OED – http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=septicemia&searchmode=none (last access: 5 September 2014). 2. DORLAND p. 1693. 3. EncBrit – http://global.britannica.com/science/septicemia (last access: 26 September 2015). 4. GDT (last access: 26 September 2015). 5. CultEx – https://culturexchange1.wordpress.com/2015/04/24/the-horse-soldiers-john-fords-civil-war-western/ (last access: 30 January 2021).

SYN: septicaemia, blood poisoning.

S: DORLAND p. 1693; TERMIUM PLUS (last access: 26 September 2015).

CR: sepsis