N: 1. – humanitarian (adj):
- As a noun by 1794 in the theological sense “one who affirms the humanity of Christ but denies his pre-existence and divinity,” from human (adj.) + suffix from unitarian, etc. By 1834 as “one who professes the creed that a person’s highest duty is to advance the welfare of the human race,” but the closely allied sense “philanthropist, one who advocates or practices human action to solve social problems” (1842), originally was disparaging, with a suggestion of excess.
- As an adjective by 1834 in the theological sense “affirming the humanity or human nature of Christ;” by 1855 as “having regard for the broad interests of humanity.”
– aid (n): early 15c., “war-time tax,” also “help, support, assistance,” from Old French aide, earlier aiudha “aid, help, assistance” (9c.), from Late Latin adiuta, noun use of fem. of adiutus, past participle of Latin adiuvare “to give help to,” from ad “to” + iuvare “to help, give strength, support, sustain,” which is from a PIE source perhaps related to the root of iuvenis “young person”. Meaning “thing by which assistance is given” is recorded from 1590s; meaning “person who assists, helper” is from 1560s. Meaning “material help given by one country to another” is from 1940.
2. The resources needed to directly alleviate human suffering.
3. humanitarian aid: term and definition standardized by NATO.
CR: affected people, back donor, disaster victims, donation, emergency area, fair trade, humanitarian action, humanitarian assistance, humanitarian case, humanitarian convoy, humanitarian coordinator, LRRD approach, relief, schemes to assist repatriation.