S: WHO – http://who.int/topics/hepatitis/en/ (last access: 28 July 2015); http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001154.htm (last access: 28 JUly 2015); DORLAND; STEDMAN.
N: 1. 1727, coined from Greek hepatos, genitive of hepar “liver,” from PIE root yekwr- (cognates: Sanskrit yakrt, Avestan yakar, Persian jigar, Latin jecur, Old Lithuanian jeknos “liver”) + -itis “inflammation.”
2. Inflammation of the liver, usually from a viral infection, but sometimes from toxic agents.
3. Inflammation of the liver that results from a variety of causes, both infectious and noninfectious. Infectious agents that cause hepatitis include viruses and parasites; noninfectious substances include certain drugs and toxic agents. In some instances hepatitis results from an autoimmune reaction directed against the liver cells of the body.
4. A self-limited viral disease of worldwide distribution caused by the hepatitis A virus, which is more prevalent in areas of poor hygiene and low socioeconomic standards, being transmitted almost exclusively by the fecal-oral route, although parenteral transmission is possible; there is no carrier state.
S: 1. OED – http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=hepatitis&searchmode=none (last access: 3 September 2014). 2. STEDMAN. 3. EncBrit – http://global.britannica.com/science/hepatitis (last access: 28 July 2015). 4. TERMIUMPLUS.