galactorrhea
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GC: n

S: MD – http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=9665 (last access: 25 October 2016); MM – http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/endocrine-and-metabolic-disorders/pituitary-disorders/galactorrhea (last access: 4 November 2016).

N: 1. The word “galactorrhea” comes from the Greek galaktos meaning “milk” + rhein meaning “to flow” = “to flow milk”. (The naturally occurring sugar in breast milk is called galactose).
2. Galactorrhea is the production of breast milk in men or in women who are not breastfeeding.The most common cause of galactorrhea is a tumor in the pituitary gland.Galactorrhea can cause unexpected milk production and infertility in both men and women.The diagnosis is based on measuring the blood levels of the hormone prolactin.Imaging tests may be done to look for a cause.When drugs alone do not stop prolactin production or shrink the tumor, surgery and sometimes radiation therapy may be done.
3. Excessive or spontaneous flow of milk irrespective of nursing.
4. galactorrhea: term recommended by the Medical Signs and Symptoms Committee.

S: 1. MD – http://www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=9665 (last access: 26 October 2016). 2. MM – http://www.msdmanuals.com/home/hormonal-and-metabolic-disorders/pituitary-gland-disorders/galactorrhea (last access:26 October 2016). 3 & 4. TERMIUM PLUS – http://goo.gl/LJovoj (last access: 3 November 2016).

GV: galactorrhoea (UK)

F: TERMIUM PLUS – http://goo.gl/LJovoj (last access: 3 November 2016)

SYN: lactorrhea

S: TERMIUM PLUS – http://goo.gl/LJovoj (last access: 4 November 2016)

CR: infant feeding, prolactin.