emigration
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GC: n

S: STUD – https://bit.ly/2TSmpPZ (last access: 11 April 2017); TIT – https://bit.ly/2HfEzKd (last access: 11 April 2017).

N: 1. 1640s, from Late Latin emigrationem (nominative emigratio) “removal from a place,” noun of action from past participle stem of Latin emigrare “move away, depart from a place,” from assimilated form of ex “out” + migrare “to move”.
2. Emigration is defined as the act of leaving one’s country to live in another.
If you live in Ireland and you move to the United States and try to set up permanent citizenship, this is an example of emigration.
3. Immigration and emigration takes place because of the same reasons including economic, political, religious and social persecutions.
Though immigration and emigration are movement of people from one country to another, the former means movement of people to a country and the later means movement from a country. In simple words, Immigration can be called as moving into a country and emigration as moving out of a country.
A person who indulges in immigration is called as immigrant and those who indulge in emigration are known as emigrants. An immigrant is one who migrates to a nation and emigrant is one who migrates away from his home country.
Immigration and emigration can be applied to the same person. For example, if a person moves away from your country to live in another country, that person will be emigrant to you but for the other country he or she is an immigrant.
4. Emigration is related to many factors and people tempt to move away from their own country for better employment opportunities or education or flee a war. Though there are specific laws for immigration and emigration, the former is very strictly controlled by the host nations, as they are much concerned about their own citizens.
As immigration is a very sensitive issue, most of the countries have very strict immigration laws. There are some countries, which have strict emigration laws, which in a sense deals with illegal emigration.
5. Collocations:
Adj. mass, massive.
Quant. wave.
Prep. emigration from; emigration to.

S: 1. OED – https://bit.ly/2SVOjdX (last access: 11 April 2017). 2. YD – https://bit.ly/2QOG7uk (last access: 11 April 2017). 3 & 4. DB – https://bit.ly/2VWznht (last access: 11 April 2017). 5. OCD – https://bit.ly/2AM5V4Q (last access: 15 January 2019).

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CR: alienage, asylum, emigrant, émigré, exile, exodus, expatriation, expatriate, forced migration, foreigner, immigrant, immigration, irregular migration, migrant, migration.