GC: n

S: OMS – (last access: 24 April 2020); Cochrane – (last access: 24 April 2020).

N: 1. 1798, from Cannabis, Modern Latin plant genus named (1728), from Greek kannabis “hemp”, a Scythian or Thracian word. Also source of Armenian kanap’, Albanian kanep, Russian konoplja, Persian kanab, Lithuanian kanapės “hemp”, and English canvas and possibly hemp. In reference to use of the plant parts as an intoxicant, from 1848.
2. The drug obtained from the dried leaves and flowers of the hemp plant, which is smoked or consumed for its psychoactive or medical properties.
3. Cannabis, also known as marijuana, is a plant grown in many parts of the world. It makes a resin (thick substance) that contains compounds called cannabinoids.
4. Cannabinoids are chemicals in Cannabis that cause drug-like effects throughout the body, including the central nervous system and the immune system.
5. The main psychoactive cannabinoid in Cannabis is delta-9-THC. Another active cannabinoid is cannabidiol (CBD), which may relieve pain, lower inflammation, and decrease anxiety without causing the “high” of delta-9-THC.
6. Cannabinoids can be taken by mouth, inhaled, or sprayed under the tongue.

S: 1. OED – (last access: 24 April 2020). 2. TERMIUM PLUS – (last access: 24 April 2020). 3 to 6. NIH – (last access: 24 April 2020).

SYN: marijuana, marihuana. (depending on context)

S: GDT – (last access: 29 April 2020)

CR: addiction, amphetamine, LSD, methylenedioxymethamphetamine, narcotic.