amblyopia
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GC: n

S: NIH – http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001014.htm (last access: 5 November 2013); NIH – https://nei.nih.gov/health/amblyopia/ (last access: 18 March 2016).

N: 1. 1706, “weakening of the eyesight,” medical Latin, from Greek amblyopia “dim-sightedness,” noun of action from amblys “dulled, blunt” + ops “eye” (see eye (n.)). Related: Amblyopic.
2. Amblyopia occurs when the nerve pathway from one eye to the brain does not develop during childhood. This occurs because the abnormal eye sends a blurred image or the wrong image to the brain.
3. Differences between amblyopia and amaurosis:

  • Amblyopia is the partial loss of vision in one or both eyes in the absence of ophthalmologic or other objective signs.
  • Amaurosis is the complete loss of vision in one or both eyes in the absence of ophthalmologic or other objective signs.

4. Cultural Interrelation: We can mention Amblyopia: a mini review of the literature by Evgenia Kanonidou.

S: 1. OED – http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=amblyopia&searchmode=none (last access: 2 September 2014). 2. NIH – http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001014.htm (last access: 5 November 2013). 3. Pgblazer – https://pgblazer.com/difference-between-amaurosis-and-amblyopia/ (last access: 29 July 2015). 4. Springer – http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10792-011-9434-z (last access: 3 June 2016).

SYN: lazy eye

S: AAPOS – http://www.aapos.org/terms/conditions/21 (last access: 5 November 2013); TERMIUM PLUS – https://bit.ly/33y34Ig (last access: 5 November 2013).

CR: amaurosis, blindness, diplopia, nyctalopia, ophthalmology, strabismus, stye, xerophthalmia.