Spanish influenza

GC: n

S: EncBrit – (last access: 2 October 2015); NCBI – (last access: 30 July 2014).

N: 1. influenza pandemic of 1918–19, also called Spanish influenza pandemic or Spanish flu, the most severe influenza outbreak of the 20th century and, in terms of total numbers of deaths, among the most devastating pandemics in human history.
2. Influenza is caused by a virus that is transmitted from person to person through airborne respiratory secretions. An outbreak can occur if a new strain of influenza virus emerges against which the population has no immunity. The influenza pandemic of 1918–19 resulted from such an occurrence and affected populations throughout the world. An influenza virus called influenza type A subtype H1N1 is now known to have been the cause of the extreme mortality of this pandemic, which resulted in an estimated 25 million deaths, though some researchers have projected that it caused as many as 40–50 million deaths.
3. Influenza that caused several waves of pandemic in 1918-1919, resulting in more than 20 million deaths worldwide; it was particularly severe in Spain (hence the name), but now is thought to have originated in the U.S. as a form of swine influenza.
4. Cultural Interrelation: Self-Portrait, Spanish Influenza (1919) by Edvard Munch.

S: 1 & 2. EncBrit – (last access: 2 October 2015). 3. TERMIUM PLUS (last access: 2 October 2015).

SYN: 1. influenza pandemic of 1918-19, Spanish influenza pandemic. 2. Spanish flu. 3. Spanish Lady.

S: 1. EncBrit – (last access: 2 October 2015). 2. GDT (last access: 2 October 2015); TERMIUM PLUS (last access: 2 October 2015); EncBrit – (last access: 2 October 2015). 3. COSNAUTAS/LIBRO ROJO (last access: 15 May 2020).

CR: influenza, quarantine.