S: UN – http://www.un.org/en/events/slaveryabolitionday/ (last access: 31 January 2016); ILO – http://goo.gl/Nos58 (last access: 31 January 2016); EncBrit – http://www.britannica.com/topic/slavery-sociology (last access: 1.02.2016).
N: 1. 1550s, “severe toil, hard work, drudgery;” from slave (v.) + -ery. Meaning “state of servitude” is from 1570s; meaning “keeping or holding of slaves” is from 1728.
First Known Use of slavery: 1551.
2. Slavery refers to a condition in which individuals are owned by others, who control where they live and at what they work. Slavery had previously existed throughout history, in many times and most places. The ancient Greeks, the Romans, Incas and Aztecs all had slaves.
3. What does it mean to be a slave or enslaved person?
To be a slave is to be owned by another person. A slave is a human being classed as property and who is forced to work for nothing. An enslaved person is a human being who is made to be a slave. This language is often used instead of the word slave, to refer to the person and their experiences and to avoid the use of dehumanising language.
4. What does it mean to be a Chattel Slave?
A chattel slave is an enslaved person who is owned for ever and whose children and children’s children are automatically enslaved. Chattel slaves are individuals treated as complete property, to be bought and sold.
Chattel slavery was supported and made legal by European governments and monarchs. This type of enslavement was practised in European colonies, from the sixteenth century onwards.
5. Not to be confused with slaverism:
- A religious and political system in which slavery is the central doctrine… followed by the whole state passionately and lovingly, except the slaves of course… they have no rights (or souls). During the economic boom of the 1800’s America embraced a system of slaverism, proving its superiority.
- Adj.: domestic Their stated aim was to free women from domestic slavery.
- Verb + slavery: establish, introduce Chios is said to have introduced slavery into Greece. | abolish | sell sb into | free sb from | be born into.
- Prep.: in ~ They were living in slavery and poverty. | under ~ conditions for children under slavery.
- Phrases: the abolition of slavery.
7. Cultural Interrelation: We can mention, among many others, the books Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852) by Harriet Beecher Stowe (1811-1896), The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1884) by Mark Twain (1835-1910), and movies Lincoln (2012) directed by Steven Spielberg and Django Unchained (2012) directed by Quentin Tarantino.
S: 1. OED – http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=slavery (last access: 2 February 2016); MW – http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/slavery (last access: 31 January 2016). 2 to 4. http://abolition.e2bn.org/slavery_40.html (last access: 1 February 2016). 5. http://es.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=slaverism (last access: 1 February 2016). 6. http://oxforddictionary.so8848.com/search?word=slavery (last access: 2 February 2016). 7. https://www.harrietbeecherstowecenter.org/utc/impact.shtml (last access: 2 February 2016); https://www.gutenberg.org/files/76/76-h/76-h.htm (last access: 2 February 2016); http://www.theguardian.com/film/2013/jan/27/lincoln-spielberg-day-lewis-review (last access: 2 February 2016); http://www.huffingtonpost.com/news/django-unchained-slavery/ (last access: 2 February 2016).
CR: race, racial discrimination, racial segregation, racism, slave.