rubella
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GC: n

S: https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001574.htm (last access: 6 September 2015); http://www.cdc.gov/rubella/ (last access: 6 September 2015); DORLAND.

Notes: 1. rubella (n.): “German measles,” 1883, Modern Latin, literally “rash,” from neuter plural of Latin rubellus “reddish,” diminutive of ruber “red”.
2. Rubella, also called German measles, viral disease that runs a mild and benign course in most people. Although rubella is not usually a serious illness in children or adults, it can cause birth defects or the loss of a fetus if a mother in the early stages of pregnancy becomes infected.
German physician Daniel Sennert first described the disease in 1619, calling it röteln, or rubella, for the red-coloured rash that accompanies the illness. Rubella was distinguished from a more serious infectious disease, measles, or rubeola, in the early 19th century. It came to be called German measles in the latter part of the 19th century when the disease was closely studied by German physicians. The rubella virus was first isolated in 1962, and a vaccine was made available in 1969.
3. Rubella is a small, spherical, enveloped virus containing single-stranded RNA of positive polarity.

S: 1. OED – http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=rubella&searchmode=none (last access: 5 September 2014). 2. EncBrit – http://global.britannica.com/science/rubella (last access: 6 September 2015). 3. TERMIUM PLUS (last access: 5 September 2014).

SYN: 1. German measles. 2. three-day measles.

SYN: 1. EncBrit – http://global.britannica.com/science/rubella (last access: 6 September 2015); TERMIUM PLUS (last access: 5 September 2014). 2. http://www.cdc.gov/rubella/about/index.html (last access: 6 September 2015)

CR: measles, MMR vaccine, virus.