S: http://natureofwomen.wordpress.com/2012/12/08/the-moral-responsiblity-of-humanitarian-aid/ (last access: 6 March 2013); The Guardian – http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2014/jun/07/end-sexual-violence-summit-uk-government-hypocrisy (last access: 2 September 2014).

N: 1. rape (n.): early 14c., “booty, prey;” mid-14c., “forceful seizure; plundering, robbery, extortion,” from Anglo-French rap, rape, and directly from Latin rapere “seize” (see rape (v.)). Meaning “act of abducting a woman or sexually violating her or both” is from early 15c., but perhaps late 13c. in Anglo-Latin.
2. rape, act of sexual intercourse with an individual without his or her consent, through force or the threat of force. In many jurisdictions, the crime of rape has been subsumed under that of sexual assault, which also encompasses acts that fall short of intercourse. Rape was long considered to be caused by unbridled sexual desire, but it is now understood as a pathological assertion of power over a victim.
3. Collocations:

  • Adj.: alleged | attempted | marital | date, gang.
  • rape + noun: victim.

4. Cultural Interrelation: We can mention the novel The lovely bones (2002) by Alice Sebold.

S: 1. OED – https://bit.ly/2Rs7xYN (last access: 22 June 2019). 2. EncBrit – https://bit.ly/2FrfJ6V (last access: 22 June 2019). 3. OZDIC – http://www.ozdic.com/collocation-dictionary/rape (last access: 11 May 2015). 4. NYTIMES – https://nyti.ms/2R14oyu (last access: 22 June 2019).


CR: international protection.