S: AI – http://www.amnesty.org.au/indigenous-rights/comments/34515/ (last access: 8 December 2014); UN – http://www.un.org/en/events/racialdiscriminationday/ (last access: 8 December 2014).
N: 1. – racial (adj): 1862, from race + -ial. Related: Racially.
– -ial: variant of -al (suffix forming adjectives from nouns or other adjectives, “of, like, related to, pertaining to,” Middle English -al, -el, from French or directly from Latin -alis).
– discrimination (n): 1640s, “the making of distinctions,” from Late Latin discriminationem (nominative discriminatio), noun of action from past participle stem of discriminare. Especially in a prejudicial way, based on race, 1866, American English.
2.The term “racial discrimination” shall mean any distinction, exclusion, restriction or preference based on race, colour, descent, or national or ethnic origin which has the purpose or effect of nullifying or impairing the recognition, enjoyment or exercise, on an equal footing, of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural or any other field of public life.
3. The United Nations Declaration on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination of 20 November 1963 (General Assembly resolution 1904 (XVIII)) solemnly affirms the necessity of speedily eliminating racial discrimination throughout the world in all its forms and manifestations and of securing understanding of and respect for the dignity of the human person.
4. There are four types of race discrimination:
- Direct discrimination: treating someone less favourably because of their actual or perceived race, or because of the race of someone with whom they associate. An example of this could be refusing to employ someone solely because they are a particular race.
- Indirect discrimination: can occur where there is a policy, practice or procedure which applies to all workers, but particularly disadvantages people of a particular race. An example could be a requirement for all job applicants to have GCSE Maths and English: people educated in countries which don’t have GCSEs would be discriminated against if equivalent qualifications were not accepted.
- Harassment: when unwanted conduct related to race has the purpose or effect of violating an individual’s dignity or creating an intimidating, hostile, degrading, humiliating or offensive environment for that individual.
- Victimisation: unfair treatment of an employee who has made or supported a complaint about racial discrimination.
S: 1. OED – http://bit.do/ezHpW (last access: 8 December 2014). 2 & 3. HRAU – http://bit.do/ezHiA (last access: 8 December 2014); OHCHR – http://bit.do/ezHiL (last access: 8 December 2014). 4. ACAS – http://www.acas.org.uk/index.aspx?articleid=1849 (last access: 8 December 2014); CABUK – http://bit.do/ezHiW (last access: 8 December 2014).
SYN: race discrimination, race-based discrimination, discrimination based on race.
S: TERMIUM PLUS – http://bit.do/ezHpq (last access: 8 December 2014)
CR: equal opportunities, integration, race, racial segregation, racism, slave, slavery.