N: 1. – poverty (n): late 12c., from Old French poverte “poverty, misery, wretched condition” (Modern French pauvreté), from Latin paupertatem (nominative paupertas). “poverty,” from pauper “poor”. Poverty line attested from 1901; poverty trap from 1966; poverty-stricken from 1803.
– line (n): A Middle English merger of Old English line “cable, rope; series, row, row of letters; rule, direction,” and Old French ligne “guideline, cord, string; lineage, descent” (12c.), both from Latin linea “linen thread, string, plumb-line,” also “a mark, bound, limit, goal; line of descent,” short for linea restis “linen cord,” and similar phrases, from fem. of lineus (adj.) “of linen,” from linum “linen”.
2. A level of personal or family income below which one is classified as poor according to governmental standards.
3. Collocation: poverty line.
SYN: poverty level
S: MW – https://bit.ly/2G2l3PU (last access: 1 February 2019)