oxytocin
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GC: n

S: http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/275795.php (last access: 31 July 2015); https://www.psychologytoday.com/basics/oxytocin (last access: 31 July 2015).

N: 1. oxytocin, hormone used clinically to stimulate contractions of the uterus during labour, to control bleeding following delivery, and to stimulate the secretion of breast milk. Oxytocin was first synthesized (along with the related vasopressin, or antidiuretic hormone, ADH) by American biochemist Vincent du Vigneaud in 1953, and he received the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1955 for this work. Synthetic oxytocin has since become widely used in obstetric practice. Natural oxytocin is secreted by the posterior pituitary gland, which holds and secretes oxytocin produced by the hypothalamus.
2. Pituitary hormone that causes the mammary alveoli to contract and thereby squeeze out the milk into the ducts through which it travels to the gland and teat cisterns.
3. Pitocin, trademark for preparations of oxytocin.
4. Cultural Interrelation: We can mention The Good Doctor (S5, E11) when doctor Murphy tells her young patient that “her parents would still love her regardless — both because of their shared experience and the parental bonding hormone oxytocin“.

S: 1. EncBrit – http://global.britannica.com/science/oxytocin (last access: 31 July 2015). 2. GDT (last access: 31 July 2015). 3. DORLAND pp. 1357 & 1451. 4. ABC – https://abc.com/shows/the-good-doctor/episode-guide/season-05/11-the-family; TVline – https://tvline.com/lists/the-good-doctor-recap-season-5-episode-11-the-family/ (last access: 11 May 2022).

GV: ocytocin

S: GDT (last access: 31 July 2015)

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CR: afterpains, human pharmacology.