GC: n

S: (last access: 12 March 2013)

N: mid-15c., “act of organizing,” from Middle French organisation and directly from Medieval Latin organizationem (nominative organizatio), noun of action from past participle stem of organizare, from Latin organum “instrument, organ” (see organ). Meaning “system, establishment” is from 1873. Organization man is from title of 1956 book by American sociologist William H. Whyte (1917-1999). Related: Organizational.
2. A social unit of people that is structured and managed to meet a need or to pursue collective goals. All organizations have a management structure that determines relationships between the different activities and the members, and subdivides and assigns roles, responsibilities, and authority to carry out different tasks. Organizations are open systems- they affect and are affected by their environment.

S: 1. (last access: 4 September 2014). 2. (last access: 2 September 2014)


CR: humanitarian organization, intergovernmental organisation, international organization, non-governmental organization.