S: WHO – http://www.who.int/topics/mumps/en/ (last access: 10 October 2015); http://fieldnotes.unicefusa.org/tag/mumps (last access: 4 September 2014); DORLAND.
N: 1. type of contagious disease, c.1600, from plural of mump “a grimace” (1590s), originally a verb, “to whine like a beggar” (1580s), from Dutch mompen “to cheat, deceive,” originally probably “to mumble, whine,” of imitative origin. The infectious disease probably so called in reference to swelling of the salivary glands of the face and/or to painful difficulty swallowing. Mumps also was used from 17c. to mean “a fit of melancholy.”
2. Mumps, also called epidemic parotitis, acute contagious disease caused by a virus and characterized by inflammatory swelling of the salivary glands. It frequently occurs as an epidemic and most commonly affects young persons who are between 5 and 15 years of age.
The incubation period is about 17 to 21 days after contact; danger of transmission begins one week before symptoms appear and lasts about two weeks. Mumps generally sets in with symptoms of a slightly feverish cold, soon followed by swelling and stiffening in the region of the parotid salivary gland in front of the ear.
3. An acute infectious and contagious disease caused by a Paramyxovirus” and characterized by fever, inflammation and swelling of the parotid gland, sometimes of other salivary glands, and occasionally by inflammation of the testis, ovary, pancreas, or meninges.
S: 1. OED – http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=mumps&searchmode=none (last access: 4 September 2014). 2. EncBrit – http://global.britannica.com/science/mumps (last access: 4 September 2014). 3. TERMIUM PLUS (last access: 4 September 2014).
SYN: 1. epidemic parotitis. 2. epidemic parotiditis.
S: 1. EncBrit – http://global.britannica.com/science/mumps (last access: 4 September 2014). 2. TERMIUM PLUS (last access: 4 September 2014).
CR: MMR vaccine, parotitis, virus.