listeriosis
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GC: n

S: WHO – https://www.who.int/ith/diseases/listeriosis/en/ (last access: 15 November 2019); NCBI – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4005144/ (last access: 15 November 2019).

N: 1. New Latin, from Listeria, from Joseph Lister. First Known Use of listeriosis: 1941.

  • Joseph Lister, Baron Lister of Lyme Regis, also called (1883–97) Sir Joseph Lister, Baronet, (born April 5, 1827, Upton, Essex, England—died February 10, 1912, Walmer, Kent), British surgeon and medical scientist who was the founder of antiseptic medicine and a pioneer in preventive medicine.

2. Disease caused by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes. The bacterium has been isolated from humans and from more than 50 species of wild and domestic animals, including mammals, birds, fish, crustaceans, and ticks. It has also been isolated from environmental sources such as animal silage, soil, plants, sewage, and stream water.
3. Evidence suggests that most humans with listeriosis may be infected by soil-contaminated food (e.g., unpasteurized milk). The disease normally develops in persons whose immune systems are weak or impaired, such as newborn infants, pregnant women, the elderly, and those whose immune systems have been compromised by an underlying disease or by immunosuppressive drugs.
4. The disease may appear as a mild influenza-like illness and go unrecognized. In adults meningitis is the most commonly recognized clinical manifestation of listeriosis; the bacterium can also cause endocarditis (inflammation of the heart lining), septicemia (blood poisoning), and skin lesions. Intrauterine infection of the fetus may result in miscarriage, premature birth, or stillbirth; if the infant is born alive, it may develop septicemia or meningitis. Listeriosis responds to treatment with antibiotics.
5. A32: code used in the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (Canada).
6. Cultural Interrelation: We can mention an outbreak of listeriosis in Spain (from August 2019).

S: 1. MW – https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/listeriosis (last access: 15 November 2019); EncBrit – https://www.britannica.com/biography/Joseph-Lister-Baron-Lister-of-Lyme-Regis (last access: 15 November 2019). 2 to 4. EncBrit – https://www.britannica.com/science/listeriosis (last access: 15 November 2019). 5. TERMIUM PLUS – https://bit.ly/2XfFNJO (last access: 15 November 2019). 6. WHO – https://www.who.int/csr/don/16-september-2019-listeriosis-spain/en/ (last access: 15 November 2019).

SYN: Listeria infection, listeric infection.

S: TERMIUM PLUS – https://bit.ly/2XfFNJO (last access: 15 November 2019)

CR: listeria, meningitis.