listeria
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GC: n

S: BBC – https://www.bbc.com/news/health-12001044 (last access: 8 November 2019); BBC – https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-derbyshire-50293548 (last access: 8 November 2019).

N: 1. New Latin, from Listeria, from Joseph Lister. First Known Use of listeria: 1952.

  • Joseph Lister, Baron Lister of Lyme Regis, also called (1883–97) Sir Joseph Lister, Baronet, (born April 5, 1827, Upton, Essex, England—died February 10, 1912, Walmer, Kent), British surgeon and medical scientist who was the founder of antiseptic medicine and a pioneer in preventive medicine.

2. listeria:

  • Any of a genus (Listeria) of small, gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria that do not form spores and have a tendency to grow in chains and that include one (Listeria monocytogenes) that causes listeriosis.
  • A disease or sickness caused by infection with this bacterium: LISTERIOSIS.

3. Medical definition:

  • Listeria (capitalized): a genus of small gram-positive flagellated rod-shaped bacteria that do not form spores, are aerobic or facultatively anaerobic, and have a tendency to grow in chains and that include one (L. monocytogenes) causing listeriosis
  • Any bacterium of the genus Listeria.

4. Listeria monocytogenes, Listeria: Several O and H antigenic types are recognized. It is a parasite in many vertebrates and invertebrates and is also found in soil and in rotting vegetation. In humans it most often, causes a purulent meningitis (especially in debilitated patients), or intrauterine or perinatal infection.
5. Listeria monocytogenes (is a) gram-positive bacillus (that) is transmitted in contaminated food-including raw meat, poultry, and milk. Several groups of individuals have an increased risk of developing (listeriosis) including pregnant women, neonates, elderly persons, diabetics, and immunocompromised individuals.
6. Listeriosis is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes.

S: 1 to 3. MW – https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/listeria (last access: 8 November 2019); EncBrit – (last access: 15 November 2019). 4. GDT – https://bit.ly/34J9KV7 (last access: 8 November 2019). 5 & 6. TERMIUM PLUS – https://bit.ly/34Fwq8L (last access: 8 November 2019).

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CR: listeriosis