GC: n

S: EJS – (last access: 14 July 2019); RESG – (last access: 14 July 2019).

N: 1. c. 1600, “act of making a part of,” from Latin inclusionem (nominative inclusio) “a shutting up, confinement,” noun of action from past participle stem of includere (see include). Meaning “that which is included” is from 1839.
2. The act of including : the state of being included.
3. Social exclusion is a multidimensional phenomenon not limited to material deprivation; poverty is an important dimension of exclusion, albeit only one dimension. Accordingly, social inclusion processes involve more than improving access to economic resources.
4. Social inclusion is defined as the process of improving the terms of participation in society, particularly for people who are disadvantaged, through enhancing opportunities, access to resources, voice and respect for rights.
5. Inclusive education: (A pedagogical approach) in which students with disabilities are supported in chronologically age-appropriate general education classes in their home schools and receive specialized instruction delineated by their individualized education programs … within the context of the core curriculum and general class activities.
6. Supporters of inclusive education use the term to refer to the commitment to educate each child, to the maximum extent appropriate, in the school and classroom he or she would otherwise attend. It involves bringing the support services to the child … and requires only that the child will benefit from being in the class (rather than having to keep up with the other students).

S: 1. OED – (last access: 14 July 2019). 2. MW – (last access: 14 July 2019). 3 & 4. UN – (last access: 14 July 2019). 5 & 6. TERMIUM PLUS – (last access: 14 July 2019).


CR: exclusion, integration.