S: HA – https://www.hydroassoc.org/hydrocephalus/ (last access: 17 November 2020); RCH – https://www.rileychildrens.org/health-info/hydrocephalus (last access: 17 November 2020).

N: 1. It’s known as “accumulation of fluid in the cranial cavity, or as ‘water on the brain,'” was first recorded in 1660s, as a medical Latin, comes from Greek words hydro- “water” + kephalē “head”.
2. Hydrocephalus is an abnormal buildup of fluid in the ventricles (cavities) deep within the brain. This excess fluid causes the ventricles to widen, putting pressure on the brain’s tissues.
3. Hydrocephalus can affect anyone at any age but is most common in infants and older adults. Some of these cases can be associated with abnormalities in the brain and spinal cord during pregnancy.
The two major types of hydrocephalus are called communicating hydrocephalus and non-communicating hydrocephalus.
Other types of hydrocephalus include: hydrocephalus ex-vacuo and normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH), acquired hydrocephalus and congenital hydrocephalus.
4. There is not much information about the causes of hydrocephalus. Some cases of hydrocephalus are present at birth, while others develop in childhood or adulthood. Hydrocephalus can be inherited genetically, may be associated with developmental disorders, like spina bifida or encephalocele, or occur because of brain tumors, head injuries, hemorrhage, or diseases such as meningitis.
5. Cultural Interrelation: Rotting for Roona (2020) is a Netflix documentary that focus on a child named Roona Begum which has an advanced form of hydrocephalus.

S: 1. OED – https://www.etymonline.com/word/hydrocephalus#etymonline_v_34467 (last access: 17 November 2020). 2. NINDS – https://www.ninds.nih.gov/DISORDERS/PATIENT-CAREGIVER-EDUCATION/FACT-SHEETS/HYDROCEPHALUS-FACT-SHEET (last access: 17 November 2020). 3. AANS – https://www.aans.org/en/Patients/Neurosurgical-Conditions-and-Treatments/Hydrocephalus (last access: 17 November 2020); NINDS – https://www.ninds.nih.gov/DISORDERS/PATIENT-CAREGIVER-EDUCATION/FACT-SHEETS/HYDROCEPHALUS-FACT-SHEET (last access: 17 November 2020). 4. AANS – https://www.aans.org/en/Patients/Neurosurgical-Conditions-and-Treatments/Hydrocephalus  (last access: 17 November 2020). 5. NYFA – https://www.nyfa.edu/nyfa-news/nyfa-alum-co-directs-netflix-documentary-rooting-for-roona.php#.X7UPA2hKi00 (last access: 18 November 2020); RFR – https://rootingforroona.org/ (last access: 18 November 2020).

SYN: hydrencephalus, hydrocephaly.

S: TERMIUM PLUS – https://www.btb.termiumplus.gc.ca/tpv2alpha/alpha-eng.html?lang=eng&i=1&srchtxt=HYDROCEPHALIE&codom2nd_wet=1#resultrecs (last access: 18 November 2020)

CR: childbirthcongenital, disorder, fetus, meningitispregnancy, somnolencespinal cordstem cell, trauma, tumor.