GC: n

S: (last access: 15 September 2015); (last access: 15 September 2015); DORLAND.

N: 1. Old English hunger, hungor “unease or pain caused by lack of food, debility from lack of food, craving appetite,” also “famine, scarcity of food in a place,” from Proto-Germanic *hungruz (cognates: Old Frisian hunger, Old Saxon hungar, Old High German hungar, Old Norse hungr, German hunger, Dutch honger, Gothic huhrus), probably from PIE root *kenk- (2) “to suffer hunger or thirst.” From c. 1200 as “a strong or eager desire” (originally spiritual). Hunger strike attested from 1885; earliest references are to prisoners in Russia.
2. A craving or urgent need for food or a specific nutrient.
An uneasy sensation occasioned by the lack of food.
A weakened condition brought about by prolonged lack of food.
3. Undernourishment means that a person is not able to acquire enough food to meet the daily minimum dietary energy requirements, over a period of one year. FAO defines hunger as being synonymous with chronic undernourishment.

S: 1. OED – (last access: 15 September 2015). 2. MW – (last access: 15 September 2015). 3. FAO – (last access: 15 September 2015).

SYN: starvation (context)

S: Cosnautas/Libro rojo (last access: 15 September 2015)

CR: acute undernutrition, cachexia, chronic hunger, famine, fast, inanition, kwashiorkor, malnutrition, marasmus, nutritional edema, undernourishment, undernutrition.