N: 1. hemorrhagic (adj): From hemorrhage (n) c. 1400, emorosogie (modern form by 17c.), from Latin haemorrhagia, from Greek haimorrhagia, from haimorrhages “bleeding violently,” from haima “blood” + rhage “a breaking,” from rhegnynai “to break, burst.” Related: Hemorrhagic.
fever (n): earlier also feaver, late Old English fefor, fefer “fever, temperature of the body higher than normal,” from Latin febris “fever,” related to fovere “to warm, heat,” probably from PIE root dhegh- “burn” (cognates: Gothic dags, Old English dæg “day,” originally “the heat;” Greek tephra “ashes”); but some suggest a reduplication of a root represented by Sanskrit *bhur- “to be restless.”
The Latin word was adopted into most Germanic languages (German Fieber, Swedish feber, Danish feber), but not in Dutch. English spelling influenced by Old French fievre. Alternative to Old English hrið, hriðing (cognate with Old High German hritto, Irish crith, Welsh cryd, Lithuanian skriečiù). Extended sense of “intense nervous excitement” is from 1580s. Also as a verb in Old English, feferian.
2. A category of infectious diseases of diverse viral origin characterized generally by fever, myalgia, headache, capillaritis, and hemorrhagic manifestations often followed by focal inflammation and necrosis.
3. viral hemorrhagic fever, any of a variety of highly fatal viral diseases that are characterized by massive external or internal bleeding or bleeding into the skin. Other symptoms vary by the type of viral hemorrhagic fever but often include fever, malaise, muscle aches, vomiting, and shock. Most viral hemorrhagic fevers are geographically restricted because they are transmitted by specific animal or insect hosts (reservoirs) that occupy narrow and sometimes localized ecological niches. Viral hemorrhagic fevers are caused by viruses of four families: Flaviviridae, Arenaviridae, Bunyaviridae, and Filoviridae.
4. Cultural Interrelation: We can mention the movie Outbreak (1995) directed by Wolfgang Petersen.
S: 1. OED – http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=hemorrhagic; http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?search=Hemorrhagic+fever (last access: 3 September 2016). 2. TERMIUM PLUS – http://goo.gl/1rL6WC (last access: 3 April 2015). 3. EncBrit – https://global.britannica.com/science/viral-hemorrhagic-fever (last access: 3 April 2015). 4. http://www.urmc.rochester.edu/encyclopedia/content.aspx?ContentTypeID=85&ContentID=P01464 (last access: 3 April 2015).
GV: haemorrhagic fever
S: WHO – http://www.who.int/topics/haemorrhagic_fevers_viral/en/ (last access: 3 September 2016); TERMIUM PLUS – http://goo.gl/1rL6WC (last access: 3 April 2015).
SYN: 1. viral hemorrhagic fever, viral haemorrhagic fever, VHF, haemorrhagic fever. 2. viral hemorrhagic fever, viral haemorrhagic fever, haemorrhagic fever.
S: 1. GDT (last access: 3 April 2015). 2. TERMIUM PLUS- http://goo.gl/1rL6WC (last access: 3 April 2015).