GC: n

S: SDir – http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0954611111003970 (last access: 21 March 2016); AAFP – http://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1253.html (last access: 31 July 2014).

N: 1. New Latin, from hem- + Greek ptysis act of spitting, from ptyein to spit. First Known Use: 1646.
2. The expectoration of blood or of blood-stained sputum.
3. Hemoptysis is the spitting of blood that originated in the lungs or bronchial tubes. The patient’s history should help determine the amount of blood and differentiate between hemoptysis, pseudohemoptysis, and hematemesis. A focused physical examination can lead to the diagnosis in most cases.
4. Cultural Interrelation: Edgar Allan Poe described his young wife, Virginia, who had tuberculosis as being ‘delicately, morbidly angelic’. In 1842 while they were having dinner, Virginia had a sudden coughing fit and haemoptysis and Poe remarked :
“Suddenly she stopped, clutched her throat and a wave of crimson blood ran down her breast … It rendered her even more ethereal.”

S: 1. MW – http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/hemoptysis (last access: 31st July 2014). 2. DORLAND p. 842. 3. AAFP – http://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1253.html (last access: 31st July 2014). 4. JMVH – http://jmvh.org/article/history-of-tuberculosis-part-1-phthisis-consumption-and-the-white-plague/ (last access: 4 April 2015).

OV: haemoptysis

S: www.patient.co.uk/doctor/haemoptysis (last access: 4 April 2015); http://bestpractice.bmj.com/best-practice/monograph/1039.html (last access: 4 April 2015); JMVH – http://jmvh.org/article/history-of-tuberculosis-part-1-phthisis-consumption-and-the-white-plague/ (last access: 4 April 2015).

SYN: spitting of blood

S: GDT (last access: 31 July 2014); AAFP – http://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1253.html (last access: 31 July 2014).

CR: plague, tuberculosis.