growth hormone

GC: n

S: NIH – (last access: 22 October 2015); (last access: 22 October 2015).

N: 1. – growth (n): 1550s, “stage in growing,” from grow + -th (2), on model of health, stealth, etc. Compare Old Norse groði, from groa “to grow.” Meaning “that which has grown” is from 1570s; “process of growing” is from 1580s. Old English used grownes “increase, prosperity.”
– hormone (n): “organic compound produced in animal bodies to regulate activity and behavior,” 1905, from Greek hormon “that which sets in motion,” present participle of horman “impel, urge on,” from horme “onset, impulse,” from PIE *or-sma-, from root *er- (1) “to move, set in motion.” Used by Hippocrates to denote a vital principle; modern scientific meaning coined by English physiologist Ernest Henry Starling (1866-1927). Jung used horme (1915) in reference to hypothetical mental energy that drives unconscious activities and instincts. Related: Hormones.
2. Growth hormone (GH), also called somatotropin or human growth hormone, peptide hormone secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland. It stimulates the growth of essentially all tissues of the body, including bone. GH is synthesized and secreted by anterior pituitary cells called somatotrophs, which release between one and two milligrams of the hormone each day. GH is vital for normal physical growth in children; its levels rise progressively during childhood and peak during the growth spurt that occurs in puberty.
3. Any substance that stimulates growth, especially one secreted by the anterior pituitary, which exerts a direct effect on protein, carbohydrate, and lipid metabolism, and controls the rate of skeletal and visceral growth.
somatotrophin – Abréviation: STH.

S: 1. OED – (last access: 22 October 2015); (last access: 22 October 2015). 2. EncBrit – (last access: 22 October 2015). 3. GDT (last access: 21 October 2015).

SYN: GH, diabetogenic hormone, somatotropic hormone, somatotropin, somatropin. (context)

S: COSNAUTAS (last access: 22 October 2015)

CR: acromegaly, cachexia, dwarfism, Escherichia coli.