N: 1. gender (n): c. 1300, “kind, sort, class,” from Old French gendre, genre ‘kind, species; character; gender (12c., Modern French genre), from stem of Latin genus (genitive generis) ‘race, stock, family; kind, rank, order; species’, also “(male or female) sex, ‘from PIE root *gene-. Also used in Latin to translate Aristotle’s Greek grammatical term genos. The grammatical sense is attested in English from late 14.
dysphoria (n): New Latin, from Greek, from dysphoros ‘hard to bear’, from dys- + pherein ‘to bear’. First known use: circa 1842.
2. Gender dysphoria is a condition where a person experiences discomfort or distress because there is a mismatch between their biological sex and gender identity.
3. Nobody is sure how many kids have gender dysphoria. Definitive surveys are lacking for children. But the best available estimates of gender dysphoria in adults suggest that the condition is uncommon, affecting somewhere between 1 in 71 and 1 in 200 adults who are born male, and 1 in 333 to 1 in 500 adults who are born female, according to the handbook of psychiatry, the DSM-5.
4. Identity issues may manifest in a variety of different ways. For example, some people with normal genitals and secondary sex characteristics of one gender privately identify more with the other gender. Some may dress in clothes associated with the gender with which they identify, and some may seek hormone treatment or surgery as part of a transition to living full-time in the experienced gender.
5. Some consider gender dysphoria to be a symptom of Gender Identity Disorder, a health condition recognized by the American Psychiatric Association. Many transgender people do not experience gender dysphoria.
6. Cultural Interrelation: We can mention the movie Boys don’t cry (1999) directed by Kimberly Peirce.
S: 1. OED – http://goo.gl/RqJJfW (last access: 20 November 2015); MW – http://goo.gl/q4EMJz (last access: 20 November 2015). 2. NHS – http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/gender-dysphoria/Pages/Introduction.aspx (last access: 20 November 2015). 3. Medical Dictionary – http://goo.gl/8CjVWQ (last access: 20 November 2015). 4. PT – https://goo.gl/RfoydX (last access: 20 November 2015). 5. TERMIUM PLUS – http://goo.gl/CkTuVt (last access: 22 November 2015). 6. Filmaffinity – http://www.filmaffinity.com/en/film279663.html (last access: 20 November 2015).
SYN: gender dysphoria syndrome
S: TERMIUM PLUS – http://goo.gl/MSJsF2 (last access: 22 November 2015)