faculty
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GC: n

S: Harvard – https://www.harvard.edu/about-harvard/harvard-glance/about-faculty (last access: 31 May 2020); AAUP – https://www.aaup.org/report/inclusion-governance-faculty-members-holding-contingent-appointments (last access: 31 May 2020).

N: 1. Late 14c., “ability, opportunity, means, resources,” from Old French faculte “skill, accomplishment, learning” (14c., Modern French faculté) and directly from Latin facultatem (nominative facultas) “power, ability, capability, opportunity; sufficient number, abundance, wealth,” from *facli-tat-s, from facilis “easy to do,” of persons, “pliant, courteous, yielding,” from facere “to do” (from PIE root *dhe “to set, put”).
2. Academic sense “branch of knowledge” (late 14c.) was in Old French and probably was the earliest in English (it is attested in Anglo-Latin from late 12c.), on notion of “ability in knowledge” or “body of persons on whom are conferred specific professional powers.” Originally, each department was a faculty; the use in reference to the whole teaching staff of an entire college dates from 1767. Related: Facultative. The Latin words facultas and facilitas “were originally different forms of the same word; the latter, owing to its more obvious relationship to the adj., retained the primary sense of ‘easiness’, which the former had ceased to have before the classical period.” [Oxford English Dictionary]
3. Meanings related to Education:

  • A branch of teaching or learning (such as law, medicine, or liberal arts) in an educational institution.
  • The teaching and administrative staff and those members of the administration having academic rank in an educational institution.
  • faculty plural: faculty members.

S: 1&2. OED – https://www.etymonline.com/search?q=faculty (last access: 31 May 2020). 3. MW – https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/faculty (last access: 31 May 2020)

SYN: faculty members (depending on context)
S: MW – https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/faculty (last access: 31 May 2020); UNESCO – https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000247907 (last Access: 31 May 2020).

CR: dean, doctor, education, teacher.