N: 1. 1833, from French extradition (18c.), apparently a coinage of Voltaire’s, from Latin ex “out” + traditionem (nominative traditio) “a delivering up, handing over,” noun of action from tradere “to hand over”.
This word might be adopted in our language with advantage, as we have none which conveys the same meaning. Extradition signifies the delivering up of criminals who may have sought refuge in any country, to the government whose subjects they are, on a claim being made to this effect. (from a footnote to the word extradition in the translation of “Memoirs of Marshal Ney” published in London in 1833).
2. Extradition is the formal process where one country asks another to return a person in order to stand trial or to serve a sentence. Under multilateral conventions and bilateral extradition treaties the UK has extradition relations with over 100 territories around the world.
3. The transfer of an accused from one state or country to another state or country that seeks to place the accused on trial.
Extradition comes into play when a person charged with a crime under state statutes flees the state. An individual charged with a federal crime may be moved from one state to another without any extradition procedures.
- Verb + extraction: avoid, escape; ask for, call for, demand, request, seek; allow, order; await, face; fight, resist
- extradition + noun: hearing, proceedings; agreement, treaty; request.
- Prep: extradition from, extradition to.
S: 1. OED – https://bit.ly/2CSZBc8 (last access: 8 March 2017). 2. GOV.UK – https://bit.ly/2qYwiPr (last access: 8 March 2017). 3. TFD – https://bit.ly/2sWXaRb (last access: 8 March 2017). 4. OD – https://bit.ly/2CWdpTr (last access: 8 March 2017).