N: 1. – extracorporeal (adj): From word-forming element “extra-” (meaning “outside; beyond the scope of; in addition to what is usual or expected,” in classical Latin recorded only in extraordinarius, but more used in Medieval Latin and modern formations; it represents Latin extra (adv.) “on the outside, without, except,” the old fem. ablative singular of exterus “outward, outside,” comparative of ex “out of”) and adjective “corporeal” (1610s, “of a material or physical nature, not mental or spiritual,” with adjectival suffix -al + Latin corporeus “of the nature of a body,” from corpus “body” -living or dead-, from PIE *kwrpes, from root *kwrep- “body, form, appearance”; meaning “relating to a material body or physical thing” is from 1660s).
– membrane (n): Early 15c., “thin layer of skin or soft tissue of the body,” a term in anatomy, from Latin membrana “a skin, membrane; parchment (skin prepared for writing),” from membrum “limb, member of the body” (see member). The etymological sense is “that which covers the members of the body.”
– oxygenation (n): From “oxygenate” (verb). First Known Use of oxygenate as a verb is from 1788 and as a noun is from 1958.
- Abbreviation: ECMO.
2. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) consists of subtotal to total oxygenation and carbon dioxide removal through a pumped extracorporeal circuit.
3. ECMO is an important tool to provide oxygen delivery and carbon dioxide removal in addition to cardiac support for patients with intractable reversible respiratory or cardiovascular collapse unresponsive to conventional treatment. Even though ECMO can be a life-saving modality, it is expensive and labor-intensive and carries a significant complication risk. Early recognition and prompt referral of patients who may benefit from ECMO in addition to careful patient selection, continuous communication between ECMO centers and their referral base, and meticulous care can improve the outcome of these critically ill patients who previously had no chance of survival.
4. The most seriously affected newborns are treated for several days with an extracorporeal membrane oxygenator, which does the work of the lungs by oxygenating the blood and removing carbon dioxide. The continual air pressure provided by the ventilator prevents the collapse of the air sacs. As the infant’s lungs mature and begin to produce surfactant—usually within three to five days after birth—the child is weaned from the ventilator. Most children who survive have no aftereffects.
5. Cultural Interrelation: Thanks to a specialized therapy at University of Iowa Hospitals & Clinics called extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), Mike Durant is back to work and grateful for around-the-clock care he received.
S: 1. OED – https://bit.ly/2RAuxag; https://bit.ly/2LETai5; https://bit.ly/2LzXhf9 (last access: 9 December 2019); MW – https://bit.ly/36oLiJH (last access: 9 December 2019). 2. TERMIUM PLUS – https://bit.ly/2Yu3Jd9 (last access: 9 December 2019). 3. NCBI – https://bit.ly/2rkxa5m (last access: 9 December 2019). 4. EncBrit – https://bit.ly/2Pw5VMT (last access: 9 December 2019). 5. UIHC – https://bit.ly/2s8T7UQ (last access: 9 December 2019).
OV: extra corporeal membrane oxygenation
S: GDT – https://bit.ly/2LDSQjx (last access: 9 December 2019)
SYN: 1. ECMO. 2. extra corporeal oxygenation.
S: 1. GDT – https://bit.ly/2LDSQjx (last access: 9 December 2019); TERMIUM PLUS – https://bit.ly/2Yu3Jd9 (last access: 9 December 2019); GDT – https://bit.ly/2LDSQjx (last access: 9 December 2019). 2. GDT – https://bit.ly/2LDSQjx (last access: 9 December 2019).