Escherichia coli
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GC: n

S: WHO – https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/e-coli (last access: 1 May 2019); MEDLP – http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ecoliinfections.html (last access: 3 April 2015).

N: 1. E. coli (n.): bacteria inhabiting the gut of man and animals, by 1921, short for Escherichia coli (1911), named for German physician Theodor Escherich (1857-1911), + Latin genitive of colon “colon”.
2. E. coli (Escherichia coli), species of bacterium that normally inhabits the stomach and intestines. When E. coli is consumed in contaminated water, milk, or food or is transmitted through the bite of a fly or other insect, it can cause gastrointestinal illness. Mutations can lead to strains that cause diarrhea by giving off toxins, invading the intestinal lining, or sticking to the intestinal wall. Therapy for gastrointestinal illness consists largely of fluid replacement, though specific drugs are effective in some cases. The illness is usually self-limiting, with no evidence of long-lasting effects.
3. Escherichia, genus of Gram-negative.
4. Cultural Interrelation: We can mention the novel Toxin written by Robin Cook in 1999.

S: 1. OED – https://bit.ly/2DIf93L (last access: 1 May 2019). 2. EncBrit – https://www.britannica.com/science/E-coli (last access: 1 May 2019). 3. GDT – https://bit.ly/2UO1vBS (last access: 1 May 2019). 4. Amazon – https://amzn.to/2XXWj0a (last access: 1 May 2019).

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CR: bacterium, growth hormone, pyelonephritis, Shiga toxin.