GC: n

S: WHO – (last access: 6 Sedptember 2015); MEDLP –, (last access: 7 November 2013); DORLAND p. 2061.

N: 1. 1828, from West Indian Spanish dengue, from an African source, perhaps Swahili dinga “seizure, cramp,” form influenced by Spanish dengue “prudery” (perhaps because sufferers walk stiffly and erect due to painful joints). The disease is African, introduced to the West Indies 1827.
2. dengue, also called breakbone fever or dandy fever, acute, infectious, mosquito-borne fever that is temporarily incapacitating but rarely fatal. Besides fever, the disease is characterized by an extreme pain in and stiffness of the joints (hence the name “breakbone fever”). Complication of dengue fever can give rise to a more severe form, called dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), which is characterized by hemorrhaging blood vessels and thus bleeding from the nose, mouth, and internal tissues. Untreated DHF may result in blood vessel collapse, causing a usually fatal condition known as dengue shock syndrome. Dengue is caused by one of four viral serotypes (closely related viruses), designated DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3, and DEN-4. These serotypes are members of the Flavivirus genus, which also contains the viruses that cause yellow fever, and can occur in any country where the carrier mosquitoes breed.
3. It is caused by a single-stranded RNA virus of the genus Flavivirus (species Dengue virus) transmitted by mosquitoes of the genus Aedes—called also breakbone fever, dandy fever, dengue fever.

S: 1. OED – (last access: 3 September 2014). 2. EncBrit – (last access: 6 September 2015). 3. MEDLP –, (last access: 7 November 2013)

SYN: 1. breakbone fever, dandy fever, dengue fever. 2. breakbone fever, dandy fever.

S: 1. MEDLP – (last access: 7 November 2013); (last access: 7 November 2013). 2. EncBrit – (last access: 6 September 2015).

CR: chikungunya, infectious disease, Japanese encephalitis, RNA virus, Stegomyia albopicta, yellow fever, Zika virus.