S: https://books.google.es/books?id=k8c4AAAAIAAJ (last access: 11 October 2015); https://books.google.es/books?isbn=1878205153 (last access: 11 October 2015); DTMe (last access: 11 October 2015).
N: 1. – crippled (adj): From the past participle of verb cripple (mid-13c., “to move slowly,” from cripple (n.). Meaning “make a cripple of, lame” is from early 14c. Related: Crippled; crippling).
Etymology of cripple as a noun: Old English crypel, related to cryppan “to crook, bend,” from Proto-Germanic *krupilaz (source also of Old Frisian kreppel, Middle Dutch cropel, German krüppel, Old Norse kryppill). Possibly also related to Old English creopan “to creep” (creopere, literally “creeper,” was another Old English word for “crippled person”).
First Known Use: before 12th century.
– person (n): early 13c., from Old French persone “human being, anyone, person” (12c., Modern French personne) and directly from Latin persona “human being, person, personage; a part in a drama, assumed character,” originally “a mask, a false face,” such as those of wood or clay worn by the actors in later Roman theater. OXoford English Dictionary offers the general 19c. explanation of persona as “related to” Latin personare “to sound through” (i.e. the mask as something spoken through and perhaps amplifying the voice), “but the long o makes a difficulty ….” Klein and Barnhart say it is possibly borrowed from Etruscan phersu “mask.” Klein goes on to say this is ultimately of Greek origin and compares Persephone.
2. cripple: 1. a. Sometimes offensive: a lame or partly disabled person or animal. b. One that is disabled or deficient in a specified manner . 2. Something flawed or imperfect.
3. A crippled person is someone who have a physical or mental deficiency.
4. Usage: The term cripple in the sense of “a lame or disabled person” is usually perceived as offensive and is not used very often nowadays. The noun cripple and the adjective crippled have largely been replaced by the neutral term (the) handicapped or by the more recent and increasingly common term (the) disabled. The adjectives challenged and special are preferred by some people but are often ridiculed as euphemisms. cripple in the sense of “a person who is disabled in any way” is used in phrases such as mental cripple, emotional cripple, and social cripple.
S: 1. OED – https://www.etymonline.com/word/cripple; https://www.etymonline.com/word/person (last access: 24 February 2018). 2. MW – http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cripple (last access: 11 October 2015). 3. https://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=crippled (last access: 24 February 2018). 4. https://www.thefreedictionary.com/cripple (last access: 24 February 2018).
S: MW – http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cripple (last access: 11 October 2015); GDT – http://www.granddictionnaire.com/ficheOqlf.aspx?Id_Fiche=19034454 (last access: 24 February 2018).
CR: disability, handicap, disabled person, impairment, incapacity.