GC: adj

S: WHO – (last access: 22 May 2015); (last access: 31 October 2013).

N: 1. Congenital is usually confused with genetic or inherited. Sometimes the three characteristics coincide, but they do not mean the same thing.
A congenital disease occurs at birth or even before birth.
2. A genetic disease or disorder is the result of changes, or mutations, in an individual’s DNA. A mutation is a change in the letters (DNA sequence) that make up a gene.
3. An inherited disorder is an illness or disease that is derived from genetic aberration.
4. Collocations: congenital anomalies, congenital defect, congenital deformity, congenital disease, congenital heart defect.

S: 1. (last access: 31 October 2013). 2. (last access: 31 October 2013). 3. (last access: 31 October 2013). 4. (last access: 22 May 2015); FCB.

SYN: inborn, innate.

S:,+Inborn (last access: 31 October 2013); (last access: 31 October 2013).

SYN: Some authors don’t consider “inborn” and “congenital” as synonyms.

S: TERMIUM PLUS (last access: 31 October 2013)

CR: anomaly