anomaly
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GC: n

S: NCBI – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6120246 (last access: 20 March 2017); http://www.science-frontiers.com/cat-biol.htm (last access: 20 March 2017).

N: 1. 1570s, “unevenness;” 1660s, “deviation from the common rule,” from Latin anomalia, from Greek anomalia “inequality,” noun of quality from anomalos “uneven, irregular,” from an- “not” + homalos “even,” from homos “same,” from PIE root *sem- “one; as one”. From 1722 as “something abnormal or irregular.”
2. A marked deviation from the normal standard, especially as a result of congenital defects.
3. Three general meanings:

  1. something different, abnormal, peculiar, or not easily classified: something anomalous.
  2. deviation from the common rule: irregularity
  3. the angular distance of a planet from its perihelion as seen from the sun.

4. Meaning in the field of Medicine:

  • a deviation from normal especially of a bodily part the infants demonstrated congenital anomalies personality anomalies.

5. Collocations:

  • Common Noun Collocations of anomaly: nothing, feature, system, air, argument, piece, Peters, sea, value, kind, form, valve, type, sort, Feil, surface, fact, temperature, Bouguer, result, sex, mean, Eu, detection, chromosome, explanation, map, nature, gravity, something.
  • Common Verb Collocations of anomaly: occur, constitute, observe, create, arise, find, represent, should, correct, point, remain, lie, will, see, remove, characterize, call, associate, become, consider, regard, may, cause, account, can, present, have, seem, explain, be.
  • Common Adjective Collocations of anomaly: second, little, singular, much, modern, American, long, air, historical, specific, mean, other, only, interest, present, eccentric, great, May, developmental, true, common, magnetic, curious, such, rare, due, strange, tricuspid, congenital, apparent.

S: 1. OED – http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=anomaly (last access: 20 March 2017). 2. TERMIUM PLUS – http://www.goo.gl/svxP9J (last access: 20 March 2017). 3 & 4. MW – https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/anomaly (last access: 20 March 2017). 5. https://prowritingaid.com/en/Collocation/Dictionary?word=anomaly (last access: 20 March 2017)

SYN:
S:

CR: congenital, defect, disease, disorder, impairment, malformation, syndrome.