chronic hunger

GC: n

S: EUROPARL – (last access: 6 March 2013); FAO – (last access: 3 September 2014).

N: 1. – chronic (adj): early 15c., of diseases, “lasting a long time,” from Middle French chronique, from Latin chronicus, from Greek khronikos “of time, concerning time,” from khronos “time”. Vague disapproving sense (from 17c.) is from association with diseases and later addictions.
– hunger (n): Old English hunger, hungor “unease or pain caused by lack of food, debility from lack of food, craving appetite,” also “famine, scarcity of food in a place,” from Proto-Germanic *hungruz (source also of Old Frisian hunger, Old Saxon hungar, Old High German hungar, Old Norse hungr, German hunger, Dutch honger, Gothic huhrus), probably from PIE root *kenk- “to suffer hunger or thirst” (source also of Sanskrit kakate “to thirst;” Lithuanian kanka “pain, ache; torment, affliction;” Greek kagkanos “dry,” polykagkes “drying”). From c. 1200 as “a strong or eager desire” (originally spiritual). Hunger strike attested from 1885; earliest references are to prisoners in Russia.
2. A state (that lasts) for a prolonged period of time (and that is defined as) the inability to acquire enough food … to meet dietary energy requirements.
3. An estimated 146 million children in developing countries are underweight – the result of acute or chronic hunger (Source: The State of the World’s Children, UNICEF, 2009). All too often, child hunger is inherited: up to 17 million children are born underweight annually, the result of inadequate nutrition before and during pregnancy.

S: 1. OED – (last access: 13 September 201). 2. TERMIUM PLUS – (last access: 13 September 2017). 3. WFP – (last access: 30 May 2015).


CR: acute undernutrition, cachexia, famine, hunger, inanition, kwashiorkor, malnutrition, marasmus, undernourishment, undernutrition.