chitosan
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GC: n

S: http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-625-chitosan.aspx?activeingredientid=625 (last access: 25 July 2016); http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0014305712004181 (last access: 25 July 2016).

N: 1. International Scientific Vocabulary chit- (from chitin) + -ose + -an.
2. A polysaccharide made of glucosamine, naturally present in the exoskeleton of crustaceans. It resists digestion in the stomach but degrades in the colon. It is used to protect drugs and oral vaccines for controlled release into the gastrointestinal tract.
3. A natural polymer derived from the exoskeleton of crabs, shrimps, and other crustaceans.
4. The two biopolymers chitin and chitosan (partially deacetylated chitin) offer a wide range of unique uses including clarification and purification of water and beverages; applications in pharmaceuticals and cosmetics; and agricultural, food, and biotechnology uses.

S: 1. MW – http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/chitosan (last access: 25 July 2016). 2. http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/chitosan (last access: 25 July 2016). 3 & 4. TERMIUM PLUS – http://goo.gl/O8Ogor (last access: 25 July 2016).

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CR: chitin, hemostasis.