S: EC – http://ec.europa.eu/europeaid/projects/civilian-ceasefire-monitoring-mechanisms_en (last access: 4 November 2015); UN – http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=38498#.Vjxwg7cvfcs (last access: 6 November 2015).
N: 1. Also cease-fire, “a cessation of shooting,” 1916, from verbal phrase cease fire, 1847 as a military command (formerly also signaled by bugles), from cease (v.) + fire (n.) in the gunnery sense. Generally two words until after mid-20c.
2. Temporary stoppage of war, which may also be undertaken as part of a larger negotiated settlement.
3. Relevant ceasefires XX and XXI centuries:
- Spanish Basque separatist group, Eta, ceasefire on 20, October, 2011. The armed Basque separatist group Eta today announced a ceasefire, raising hopes of a new peace process with the Spanish government but giving few clues about how that might happen.The announcement was made in a video showing three masked Eta militants sitting behind a table with the group’s axe and snake symbol behind them. “Eta announces that it took the decision several months ago not to carry out armed actions,” one of the militants, a woman, said.The group has killed more than 800 people in a 50-year campaign for an independent state made up of four Spanish provinces and part of south-west France.
- Gaza ceasefire: Israel and Palestinians agree to halt weeks of fighting on 26 ,August, 2014. Hamas and Islamic Jihad – the main militant groups in Gaza – the Palestinian Authority and Israel agreed on an open-ended ceasefire beginning at 7pm on Tuesday evening, bringing relief to civilians on both sides of the border. The Israeli army said in a statement on Wednesday that there had been no reports of violence since the ceasefire began.
4. Not to be confused with “armistice”, which is a ceasefire marking the permanent end of war.
5. In artillery and naval gun-fire support, an order given to terminate firing on a specific target is called end of mission (NATO).
- Adj.: complete; immediate; unilateral.
- Verb + ceasefire: call for, demand, order; achieve, secure; agree (to), declare, sign; broker, negotiate; call; observe; break, violate.
- ceasefire + verb: come/go into effect; hold, last.
- ceasefire + noun: agreement, terms.
- Prep.: ceasefire between.
- Phrases: a violation of a ceasefire.
7. Cultural Interrelation: We can mention the movie Ceasefire! directed by Owen Crump in 1953.
S: 1. OED – http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=ceasefire&searchmode=none (last access: 8 November 2015). 2. IATE – https://iate.europa.eu/search/standard/result/1575049725212/1 (last access: 29 November 2019); The Guardian – http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/aug/26/gaza-ceasefire-israel-palestinians-halt-fighting (last access: 4 November 2015). 4. IATE – https://iate.europa.eu/search/standard/result/1575049725212/1 (last access: 29 November 2019). 5. GDT – http://www.granddictionnaire.com/ficheOqlf.aspx?Id_Fiche=8405548 (last access: 8 November 2015). 6. OD – http://oxforddictionary.so8848.com/search1?word=ceasefire (last access: 8 November 2015). 7. IMDb – http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0045616/ (last access: 8 November 2015).
S: OED – http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=ceasefire&searchmode=none (last access: 8 November 2015); TERMIUM PLUS – https://bit.ly/34yGUXU (last access: 4 November 2015)