Capgras syndrome

GC: n

S: NCBI – (last access: 18 November 2016); Psychnet – (last access: 18 November 2016); WNMDT – (last access: 18 November 2016).

N: 1. Capgras (proper noun): From Joseph Capgras (1873-1950), the French psychiatrist who first described “Capgras syndrome”.
syndrome (n): “a number of symptoms occurring together,” 1540s, from medical Latin, from Greek syndrome “concurrence of symptoms, concourse of people,” from syndromos “place where several roads meet,” literally “a running together,” from syn- “with” + dromos “a running, course”. Psychological sense is from 1955.
This term “Capgras syndrome” is used as an eponymous.
2. Capgras’ syndrome is the delusional belief in the existence of identical “doubles” of significant people in a patient’s life, or of the patient himself or herself, or of both. It occurs in both men and women and in a variety of psychotic states. The author presents a review of 133 cases of Capgras’ syndrome in the English-language literature, defining the syndrome in the light of Capgras’ original reports as well as later descriptions, reviewing the discussions of both organic and functional causes, and suggesting in the context of a new case report a psychodynamic hypothesis that may provide a more adequate understanding and more effective treatment of the syndrome.
3. It has been reported that the Capgras Syndrome and related substitution delusions, that 35% have an organic etiology. Some researchers believe that Capgras’ syndrome can be blamed on a relatively simple failure of normal recognition processes following brain damage from a stroke, drug overdose, or some other cause. This disorder can also follow after accidents that cause damage to the right side of the brain. Therefore, controversies exist about the etiology of Capgras Syndrome, some researchers explain it with organic factors, others with psychodynamic factors, or a combination of the two.
4. Cultural Interrelation:
– Reality:

  • The author Jack Finney, wrote a book about the Capgras syndrome The Body Snatchers.

– Fictional:

  • There is a film based in the book, The Body Snatchers, the film is The Invasion of the Body Snatchers.

S: 1. OED – (last access: 22 November 2016); Psychnet – (last access: 18 November 2016); MD – (last access: 18 November 2016). 2. NCBI – (last access: 18 November 2016). 3 Psychnet – (last access: 18 November 2016). 4. WNMDT – (last access: 18 November 2016).

SYN: Capgras’ delusion, Capgras’ illusion, Capgras’ paranoia.

S: WNMDT – (last access: 18 November 2016)

CR: delusion