N: 1. autism, also called classic autism or autistic disorder, developmental disorder affecting physical, social, and language skills, with an onset of symptoms typically before age three. The term autism (from the Greek autos, meaning “self”) was coined in 1911 by Swiss psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler, who used it to describe withdrawal into one’s inner world, a phenomenon he observed in individuals with schizophrenia.
2. In its mildest form, autism may resemble a learning disability. The more severe forms of autism involve bizarre behavior that can even involve self-injury. Symptoms of autism may be noticed in the first three years of life. Infants who resist cuddling and don’t respond to their environment may be showing early signs of autism.
3. Cultural Interrelation: We can mention the films Rain Man (autistic adult) directed by Barry Levinson in 1988 and Mercury Rising (autistic child) directed by Harold Becker in 1998.
S: 1. EncBrit – http://global.britannica.com/science/autism (last access: 2 April 2015). 2. TERMIUM PLUS (last access: 2 April 2016). 3. http://www.autism-help.org/autism-movies-books.htm (last access: 2 April 2015); https://www.wisconsinmedicalsociety.org/professional/savant-syndrome/resources/articles/rain-man-the-movie-rain-man-real-life/ (last access: 2 April 2015); http://www.rogerebert.com/reviews/mercury-rising-1998 (last access: 2 April 2015).
SYN: classic autism, autistic disorder.
S: EncBrit – http://global.britannica.com/science/autism (last access: 2 April 2015)