GC: n

S: NIH –; (last access: 25 November 2020); NHS – ( (last access: 25 November 2020).

N: 1. “examination of tissue removed from a living body,” 1895, from French biopsie, coined by French dermatologist Ernest Besnier (1831-1909) from Greek bi, combining form of bios “life” (from PIE root *gwei- “to live”) + opsis “a sight” (from PIE root *okw- “to see”). As a verb, from 1964.
2. Biopsy, medical diagnostic procedure in which cells or tissues are removed from a patient and examined visually, usually with a microscope. The material for the biopsy may be obtained by several methods and with various instruments, including aspirationthrough a needle, swabbing with a sponge, scraping with a curette, trephining a bone, or excision with forceps or an electric snare. The biopsy is a standard step in the diagnosis of both malignant and benigntumours and can also provide a wide range of other types of diagnostic information, particularly in connection with certain organs, such as the liver or the pancreas.
3. A biopsy (taking a tissue sample) is one of the most commonly used medical tests. Tissue samples can be analyzed in order to find out, for instance, whether a suspicious lump is harmless or dangerous. The doctor removes a small sample of tissue and sends it to a laboratory to be examined under a microscope. The tissue sample can often be removed in an outpatient setting.
4. A biopsy is a medical procedure that involves taking a small sample of body tissue so it can be examined under a microscope. A tissue sample can be taken from almost anywhere on or in your body, including the skin, organs and other structures. The term biopsy is often used to refer to both the act of taking the sample and the tissue sample itself.

S: 1. OED – (last access: 25 November 2020). 2. EncBrit – (last access: 25 November 2020). 3. NCBI – (last access: 25 November 2020).  4. NHS – access: 25 November 2020).


CR: cheilitis, HeLa celllesion, staphylococcal scaled skin syndrometoxic epidermal necrolysis.