GC: n

S: AS – (last access: 6 December 2014); MEDLP – (last access: 10 December 2014).

N: 1. 1801, from combination form of tonsil + -itis. Tonsil: c.1600, from Latin tonsillae, tosillae (plural) “tonsils,” diminutive of toles “goiter,” which is perhaps of Gaulish origin. -itis: noun suffix denoting diseases characterized by inflammation, Modern Latin, from Greek -itis, feminine of adjectival suffix -ites “pertaining to.”
2. Inflammation of the tonsils, especially the palatine tonsils.
3. Inflammatory infection of the tonsils caused by invasion of the mucous membrane by microorganisms, usually hemolytic streptococci or viruses. The symptoms are sore throat, difficulty in swallowing, fever, malaise, and enlarged lymph nodes on both sides of the neck. The infection lasts about five days. The treatment includes bed rest until the fever has subsided, isolation to protect others from the infection, and warm throat irrigations or gargles with a mild antiseptic solution. Antibiotics or sulfonamides or both are prescribed in severe infections to prevent complications.

S: 1. OED – (last access: 10 December 2014). 2. DORLAND p.1937. 3. EncBrit – (last access: 10 December 2014).

OV: tonsilitis

S: OED – (last access: 10 December 2014)

SYN: amygdalitis, angina tonsillaris.

S: GDT – (last access: 10 December 2014)

CR: fever, headache, pharyngitis, tonsil.