S: WebMD – http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/narcissistic-personality-disorder#1 (last access: 1 July 2017); HLN – https://www.healthline.com/health/mental-health/am-i-dating-a-narcissist (last access: 29 November 2019).
N: 1. – narcissistic (adj): 1912, see narcissism + -istic. Sometimes erroneously as narcistic. Related: Narcissistically.
Narcissism: 1905, from German Narzissismus, coined 1899 (in “Die sexuellen Perversitäten“), by German psychiatrist Paul Näcke (1851-1913), on a comparison suggested 1898 by Havelock Ellis, from Greek Narkissos, name of a beautiful youth in mythology (Ovid, “Metamorphoses,” iii.370) who fell in love with his own reflection in a spring and was turned to the flower narcissus (q.v.). Coleridge used the word in a letter from 1822.
istic: adjectival word-forming element, from French –istique or directly from Latin –isticus, from Greek –istikos, a compound of the adjectival suffix –ikos + the noun suffix –istes.
– personality (n): Late 14c., “quality or fact of being a person,” from Medieval Latin personalitatem (nominative personalitas), from Late Latin personalis. Sense of “a distinctive character” is first recorded 1795, from French personnalité.
– disorder (n): 1520s, from the verb disorder (late 15c., from dis- “not” + the verb order (v.). Replaced earlier disordeine (mid-14c.), from Old French desordainer, from Medieval Latin disordinare “throw into disorder,” from Latin ordinare “to order, regulate”).
- Having an exaggerated sense of self-importance.
- Expecting to be recognized as superior even without achievements that warrant it.
- Exaggerating your achievements and talents.
- Being preoccupied with fantasies about success, power, brilliance, beauty or the perfect mate.
- Believing that you are superior and can only be understood by or associate with equally special people.
- Requiring constant admiration.
- Having a sense of entitlement.
- Expecting special favors and unquestioning compliance with your expectations.
- Taking advantage of others to get what you want.
- Having an inability or unwillingness to recognize the needs and feelings of others.
- Being envious of others and believing others envy you.
- Behaving in an arrogant or haughty manner.
- NPD must be distinguished from the other 3 cluster B personality disorders, which are as follows:
- *Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD).
- *Borderline personality disorder (BPD).
- *Histrionic personality disorder (HPD).
4. Cultural interrelation: We can mention the film, Dorian Gray by Oliver Parker (2009). It was based on a novel, the picture of Dorian Gray, which was written by Oscar Wilde.
S: S: 1. OED – https://goo.gl/M3DcGC; https://goo.gl/cbCks4; https://goo.gl/QqPtU4; https://goo.gl/sgFEtT; https://goo.gl/79My5j (last Access: 2 July 2017). 2. MAYO – http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/narcissistic-personality-disorder/basics/symptoms/con-20025568 (last access: 2 July 2017). 3. MD – http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1519417-overview (last access: 2 July 2017). IMDB – http://www.imdb.com/title/tt1235124/ (last access: 2 July 2017).