S: DHHS – http://dhhs.ne.gov/publichealth/MCAH/Documents/ChildhoodExanthems_2017.pdf (last access: 13 March 2018); http://www.dermnetnz.org/viral/exanthem.html (last access: 8 December 2014).
N: 1. From Greek exanthēma.
Late Latin exanthema, from Greek exanthēma, from exanthein to bloom, break out, from ex- + anthos flower.
First Known Use: 1656.
2. An exanthem is any eruptive skin rash that may be associated with fever or other systemic symptoms. Causes include infectious pathogens, medication reactions and, occasionally, a combination of both. In children, exanthems are most often related to infection and, of these, viral infections are the most common. Some exanthems have very specific morphologies that help identify and characterize the eruption. In this article, we describe common and uncommon viral exanthems, based on their morphology, and review current advancements in understanding and treatment of these exanthems.
3. The eruption which characterizes an eruptive fever.
4. The term “exanthem” was recommended by the Medical Signs and Symptoms Committee in Canada.
S: 1. DORLAND p. 656; MW – http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/exanthem (last access: 8 December 2014). 2. Medscape – http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/734882 (last access: 8 December 2014). 3 & 4. TERMIUM PLUS – http://www.goo.gl/veoazE (last access: 13 March 2018).
S: DORLAND p. 656