emaciation
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GC: n

S: http://www.boston.com/news/world/africa/articles/2010/04/09/emaciated_children_signal_crisis_in_southern_sudan/ (last access: 25 April 2013); http://www.rightdiagnosis.com/symptom/emaciation.htm (last access: 3 September 2014).

N: 1. 1660s, from Latin emaciationem, noun of state from past participle stem of emaciare (see emaciate), or perhaps a native formation from emaciate.
emaciate (v.): 1620s “cause to lose flesh” (implied in emaciating), from Latin emaciatus, past participle of emaciare “make lean, cause to waste away,” from assimilated form of ex- “out” (see ex-) + macies “leanness,” from macer “thin” (see macro-). Intransitive meaning “become lean, waste away” is from 1640s. Related: Emaciated.
2. From Latin emaciare, to make lean.

  • excessive leanness caused by disease or lack of nutrition. emaciated, (imā′shē·ā′tid) adj.
  • characterized by an extreme loss of subcutaneous fat that results in an abnormally lean body, such as with starvation.

S: 1. OED – http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?allowed_in_frame=0&search=emaciation&searchmode=none (last access: 3 September 2014). 2. http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/emaciation – Mosby’s Medical Dictionary, 8th edition. © 2009, Elsevier (last access: 18 September 2015).

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CR: cachexia, inanition, marasmus.