Ebola hemorrhagic fever

GC: n

S: CDC – http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/ (last access: 30 July 2014); http://www.medicinenet.com/ebola_hemorrhagic_fever_ebola_hf/page2.htm (last access: 4 September 2016); DORLAND.

N: 1. Ebola hemorrhagic fever (Ebola HF) is one of numerous Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers. It is a severe, often fatal disease in humans and nonhuman primates (such as monkeys, gorillas, and chimpanzees).
2. Ebola HF is caused by infection with a virus of the family Filoviridae, genus Ebolavirus. When infection occurs, symptoms usually begin abruptly. The first Ebolavirus species was discovered in 1976 in what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo near the Ebola River. Since then, outbreaks have appeared sporadically.
3. There are five identified subspecies of Ebolavirus. Four of the five have caused disease in humans: Ebola virus (Zaire ebolavirus); Sudan virus (Sudan ebolavirus); Taï Forest virus (Taï Forest ebolavirus, formerly Côte d’Ivoire ebolavirus); and Bundibugyo virus (Bundibugyo ebolavirus). The fifth, Reston virus (Reston ebolavirus), has caused disease in nonhuman primates, but not in humans.
4. Fact sheet N°103, Updated April 2014 (WHO): Ebola virus disease (EVD), formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic fever, is a severe, often fatal illness in humans.
5. Cultural Interrelation: We can mention the book The Hot Zone (1995) by Richard Preston.

S: 1 to 4. CDC – http://www.cdc.gov/vhf/ebola/ (last access: 30 July 2014). 5. http://www.fantasticfiction.co.uk/p/richard-preston/hot-zone.htm (last access: 3 April 2015).

GV: Ebola haemorrhagic fever

S: WHO – http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs103/en/ (last access: 4 September 2016)

SYN: Ebola H F, Ebola virus disease, Ebola fever.

S: GDT (last access: 3 April 2015)

CR: Ebola virus