S: WebMD – http://www.webmd.com/multiple-sclerosis/dysesthesia-pain#1 (last access: 3 July 2017); NCBI – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5153295/ (last access: 8 March 2018).
N: 1. Early 18th century: modern Latin, from Greek dusaisthēsia, from dys– ‘bad’ + aisthēsis ‘sensation’ + –ia.
2. An abnormal unpleasant sensation felt when touched, caused by damage to peripheral nerves.
3. How is it treated?
- Antidepressants like amitriptyline (Elavil) and duloxetine (Cymbalta) can change how your body responds to pain.
- Anticonvulsants like gabapentin (Neurontin) or pregabalin (Lyrica) work to calm overstimulated nerves.
4. What causes it?
- Multiple sclerosis breaks down the covering that protects your nerves. That interrupts the messages between your brain and the rest of your body. Your brain can’t read the nerve signals correctly, so it tells you that you feel something you really don’t.
- Whether you have pain doesn’t seem to be related to what kind of MS you have, how serious it is, or how long you’ve had it. Sometimes dysesthesia is one of the first signs of MS.
5. It’s easy to confuse dysesthesia with paresthesia or hyperalgesia, both of which can also occur with MS. Paresthesia describes sensory symptoms such as numbness and tingling, “skin crawling,” or that “pins and needles” feeling. It’s distracting and uncomfortable, but not generally considered painful. Hyperalgesia is an exaggerated response to painful stimuli.
Dysesthesia is more severe than paresthesia and has no apparent stimuli.
6. Cultural Interrelation: We could mention episode 4 Lines in the Sand from the TV series (2004-2012) House M. D. (season 3).
S: 1. OD – https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/dysaesthesia (last access: 3 July 2017). 2. MEDICALDICT – http://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/dysesthesia (last access: 3 July 2017) 3 & 4. WebMD – http://www.webmd.com/multiple-sclerosis/dysesthesia-pain#1 (last access: 2 July 2017). 5. HLN – https://bit.ly/2BvW5oR (last access: 24 November 2018). 6. https://clinic-duty.livejournal.com/13918.html (last access: 8 March 2018).